Items where Research Group is "Epidemiology

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Number of items: 76.


Andrew, Toby, Hart, Deborah J., Snieder, Harold, De Lange, Marlies, Spector, Tim D. and MacGregor, Alex J. ORCID: (2001) Are twins and singletons comparable? A study of disease-related and lifestyle characteristics in adult women. Twin Research, 4 (6). pp. 464-477.

Antoniades, L, Spector, TD and MacGregor, AJ ORCID: (2001) The genetic contribution to hip joint morphometry and relationship to hip cartilage thickness. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 9 (6). pp. 593-595.

Atkin, W, Edwards, R, Wardle, J, Northover, J, Sutton, S and Hart, AR (2001) Design of a multicentre randomised trial to evaluate flexible sigmoidoscopy in colorectal cancer screening. Journal of Medical Screening, 8 (3). pp. 137-144.


Baird, J., Osmond, C., MacGregor, A. J. ORCID:, Snieder, H., Hales, C. N. and Phillips, D. I. (2001) Testing the fetal origins hypothesis in twins: the Birmingham twin study. Diabetologia, 44. pp. 33-39. ISSN 0012-186X

Bartlett, Christopher, Hooper, Lee ORCID: and Ebrahim, Shah (2001) Dietary sodium and blood pressure. New England Journal of Medicine, 344 (22). pp. 1717-1718. ISSN 1533-4406

Bateman, Ian J., Langford, Ian H., Jones, Andrew P. and Kerr, Geoffrey N. (2001) Bound and path effects in double and triple bounded dichotomous choice contingent valuation. Resource and Energy Economics, 23 (3). pp. 191-213.

Bateman, IJ, Turner, RK, Adger, WN, Boar, R, Brouwer, R, Crooks, S, Dockerty, T, Georgiou, S, Jones, A, Langford, IH, Ledoux, L, Nishikawa, N, Powe, N, Wright, J and Wright, SD (2001) Management of a multi-purpose coastal wetland: The Norfolk and Suffolk Broads. In: Economics of Coastal and Water Resources: Valuing Environmental Functions. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 159-214.

Bayer, JH, Davies, AP, Darrah, C, Shepstone, L and Patel, AD (2001) Calcaneal compartment syndrome after tibial fractures. Foot and Ankle Surgery, 22 (2). pp. 120-122. ISSN 1460-9584

Bingham, Sheila A., Welch, Ailsa A., McTaggart, Alison, Mulligan, Angela A., Runswick, Shirley A., Luben, Robert, Oakes, Suzy, Khaw, Kay Tee, Wareham, Nicholas and Day, Nicholas E. (2001) Nutritional methods in the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer in Norfolk. Public Health Nutrition, 4 (3). pp. 847-858. ISSN 1475-2727

Brainard, Julii, Bateman, Ian and Lovett, Andrew ORCID: (2001) Modelling demand for recreation in English woodlands. Forestry, 74 (5). pp. 423-438. ISSN 1464-3626

Brouwer, R, Bateman, I, Turner, RK, Adger, WN, Boar, R, Crooks, S, Dockerty, T, Georgiou, S, Jones, A, Langford, IH, Ledoux, L, Nishikawa, N, Powe, N, Wright, J and Wright, S (2001) Interdisciplinary analysis of valuation and management of the Broads. In: The Economics of Water and Coastal Resources. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 159-213.

Brunner, Eric, Rayner, Mike, Thorogood, Margaret, Margetts, Barrie, Hooper, Lee ORCID:, Summerbell, Carolyn, Dowler, Elizabeth, Hewitt, Gillian, Robertson, Aileen and Wiseman, Martin (2001) Making Public Health Nutrition relevant to evidence-based action. Public Health Nutrition, 4 (6). pp. 1297-1299. ISSN 1475-2727


Cherkas, LF, Howell, K, Carter, L, Black, CM and MacGregor, AJ ORCID: (2001) The use of portable radiometry to assess Raynaud's phenomenon: a practical alternative to thermal imaging. Rheumatology, 40 (12). pp. 1384-1387. ISSN 1462-0332

Clark, T. Justin, Mann, Christopher H., Shah, Neil, Khan, Khalid S., Song, Fujian and Gupta, Janesh K. (2001) Accuracy of outpatient endometrial biopsy in the diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 80 (9). pp. 784-793. ISSN 0001-6349


Day, N, McKeown, N, Wong, M, Welch, AA and Bingham, SA (2001) Epidemiological assessment of diet: a comparison of a 7-day diary with a food frequency questionnaire using urinary markers of nitrogen, potassium and sodium. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30 (2). pp. 309-317. ISSN 1464-3685

Dinnes, J, Moss, S, Melia, J, Blanks, R, Song, F and Kleijnen, J (2001) Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of double reading of mammograms in breast cancer screening: findings of a systematic review. The Breast, 10 (6). pp. 455-463. ISSN 1532-3080


Eisenberg, J, Bartram, J and Hunter, PR (2001) A Public Health perspective for establishing water-related guidelines and standards. In: Water Quality: Guidelines, Standards and Health - Assessment of Risk and Risk management for water-related infectious disease. IWA Publishing, pp. 229-256. ISBN 1900222280


Godward, Sara, Sandhu, Manjinder, Skinner, Jane and McCann, Jenny (2001) Re: Cellular telephones and cancer - a nationwide cohort study in Denmark. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 93 (11). p. 878. ISSN 1460-2105


Harding, Anne-Helen, Sargeant, Lincoln A., Welch, Ailsa, Oakes, Suzy, Luben, Robert N., Bingham, Sheila, Day, Nicholas E., Khaw, Kay-Tee and Wareham, Nicholas J. (2001) Fat consumption and HbA(1c) levels: the EPIC-Norfolk study. Diabetes Care, 24 (11). pp. 1911-1916. ISSN 1935-5548

Hooper, L ORCID: (2001) Dietetic guidelines: diet in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 14 (4). pp. 297-305. ISSN 1365-277X

Hooper, L ORCID: (2001) Survey of UK dietetic departments: diet in secondary prevention of myocardial infarction. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 14 (4). pp. 307-318. ISSN 1365-277X

Hooper, L ORCID:, Ness, AR and Davey-Smith, G (2001) Meta-analysis of effect of high vs. low vitamin E on cardiovascular mortality for observational and intervention studies. The Lancet, 357 (9269). pp. 1705-1706. ISSN 1474-547X

Hooper, L ORCID:, Summerbell, CD, Thompson, RL, Capps, N, Davey-Smith, G, Riemersma, RA and Ebrahim, S (2001) Dietary fats and prevention of cardiovascular disease [authors reply]. British Medical Journal, 323 (7319). p. 1000.

Hooper, Lee ORCID:, Summerbell, Carolyn D., Higgins, Julian P. T., Thompson, Rachel L., Capps, Nigel E., Smith, George Davey, Riemersma, Rudolph A. and Ebrahim, Shah (2001) Dietary fat intake and prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review. British Medical Journal, 322 (7289). pp. 757-763.

Hooper, L (2001) Cardiovascular Disease: general aspects. In: Manual of Dietetic Practice. Blackwell Scientific Publications. ISBN 0632055243

Hunter, D, De Lange, M, Snieder, H, MacGregor, AJ ORCID:, Swaminathan, R, Thakker, RV and Spector, TD (2001) Genetic contribution to bone metabolism, calcium excretion, and vitamin D and parathyroid hormone regulation. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 16 (2). pp. 371-378. ISSN 1523-4681

Hunter, DJ, De Lange, M, Andrew, T, Snieder, H, MacGregor, AJ ORCID: and Spector, TD (2001) Genetic variation in bone mineral density and calcaneal ultrasound: a study of the influence of menopause using female twins. Osteoporosis International, 12 (5). pp. 406-411. ISSN 1433-2965

Hunter, PR ORCID:, Colford, JM, LeChevallier, MW, Binder, S and Berger, PS (2001) Waterborne diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 7 (3). pp. 544-545.

Hunter, PR ORCID: and Syed, Q (2001) Community surveys of self-reported diarrhoea can dramatically overestimate the size of outbreaks of waterborne cryptosporidiosis. Water Science and Technology, 43 (12). pp. 27-30. ISSN 1996-9732

Hunter, PR ORCID:, Syed, Q and Naumova, EN (2001) Possible undetected outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis in areas of the North West of England supplied by an unfiltered surface water source. Communicable Disease and Public Health, 4 (2). pp. 136-138.

Hunter, PR (2001) Factors in exposure and susceptible populations. In: George Washington University, Washington, USA, 2001-01-01.

Hunter, PR (2001) Hospital acquired infection and the water supply. Estates and Facilities Management in the NHS, 3 (Summer). pp. 9-10.

Hunter, PR (2001) New Infectious risks and drinking water. In: George Washington University, Washington DC, USA, 2002-01-01.

Hunter, PR (2001) New infectious risks and drinking water. In: Colloque Eau at Sante, Metz, France, 2001-01-01.

Hunter, PR and Fewtrell, L (2001) Acceptable risk. In: Water Quality: Guidelines, Standards and Health Risk assessment and management for water-related infectious disease. IWA Publishing, pp. 207-227. ISBN 1900222280

Hunter, PR and Gega, L (2001) Problems with assessing the risk of waterborne disease. In: Microbial/Disinfection By-products Health Effects Symposium, Chicago USA, 2001-01-01.

Hutchinson, D, Shepstone, L, Moots, R, Lear, JT and Lynch, MP (2001) Heavy cigarette smoking is strongly associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), particularly in patients without a family history of RA. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 60 (3). pp. 223-227. ISSN 1468-2060


Isenberg, D, Katz, D, Maddison, P, Watts, RA, Tucker, L and Cooke, A (2001) Induction of anti-DNA antibodies: commentary on article by Satake et al. Lupus, 10 (1). pp. 63-65.


Jakes, Rupert W., Khaw, Kay-Tee, Day, Nicholas E., Bingham, Sheila, Welch, Ailsa, Oakes, Suzy, Luben, Robert, Dalzell, Nicola, Reeve, Jonathan and Wareham, Nicholas J. (2001) Patterns of physical activity and ultrasound attenuation by heel bone among Norfolk cohort of European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC Norfolk): population based study. British Medical Journal, 322 (7279). pp. 140-143.


Keen, R. W., Snieder, H., Molloy, H., Daniels, J., Chiano, M., Gibson, F., Fairbairn, L., Smith, P., MacGregor, A. J., Gewert, D. and Spector, T. D. (2001) Evidence of association and linkage disequilibrium between a novel polymorphism in the transforming growth factor beta 1 gene and hip bone mineral density: a study of female twins. Rheumatology, 40 (1). pp. 48-54. ISSN 1462-0332

Khaw, Kay-Tee, Bingham, Sheila, Welch, Ailsa, Luben, Robert, Wareham, Nicholas, Oakes, Suzy and Day, Nicholas (2001) Relation between plasma ascorbic acid and mortality in men and women in EPIC-Norfolk prospective study: a prospective population study. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. The Lancet, 357 (9257). pp. 657-663. ISSN 1474-547X

Khaw, Kay-Tee, Wareham, Nicholas, Luben, Robert, Bingham, Sheila, Oakes, Suzy, Welch, Ailsa and Day, Nicholas (2001) Glycated haemoglobin, diabetes, and mortality in men in Norfolk cohort of european prospective investigation of cancer and nutrition (EPIC-Norfolk). British Medical Journal, 322 (7277). pp. 15-18.

Koutantji, M, Hutchinson, D, Shepstone, L, Harrold, E, Pearce, S, Lynch, MP, Moots, R, Gaffney, K and Scott, DGI (2001) Early v.s. established rheumatoid arthritis: an investigation of coping with illness v.s. coping with other stressors, and psychological adjustment. Rheumatology, 40 (Suppl 1). p. 74. ISSN 1462-0332


Lane, SE, Watts, RA, Bentham, G, Innes, NJ and Scott, DGI (2001) Are environmental factors important in the aetiology of primary systemic vasculitis (PSV)? Arthritis and Rheumatism, 44 (S9). ISSN 0004-3591

Lawson, A and Clark, AB (2001) Spatial Mixture Relative Risk Models in Disease Mapping. In: Health and GIS Sheffield Conference (Talk), Sheffield, 2001-01-01.

Lawson, A and Clark, AB (2001) Spatial Mixture Relative Risk Models in Disease Mapping (Contributed paper - talk). In: ASA JSM Atlanta, Atlanta, 2001-01-01.


MacGregor, AJ ORCID:, Canavan, R, Knight, C, Denton, CP, Davar, J, Coghlan, J and Black, CM (2001) Pulmonary hypertension in systemic sclerosis: risk factors for progression and consequences for survival. Rheumatology, 40 (4). pp. 453-459. ISSN 1462-0332

MacGregor, AJ (2001) Cluster analysis in multivariate models. In: International Conference on Twin Studies, Imperial College, London, 2001-01-01.

MacGregor, AJ (2001) The genetic basis of the osteoarthritis phenotype. In: International Study Group on the Genetics of Osteoarthritis, Reykjavik, 2001-01-01.

MacGregor, AJ, Haque Hussain, SS, Bunn, D, Reavley, CM, Millsted, J, Tilston, J and Symmons, DPM (2001) The genetic epidemiology of pain. In: Biobehavioural approached to pain. Springer, New York.

Makepeace, R. W., Barnes, M. P., Semlyen, J. K. ORCID: and Stevenson, J. (2001) The establishment of a community multiple sclerosis team. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 24 (2). pp. 137-141. ISSN 0342-5282

McKeown, Nicola M., Day, Nicholas E., Welch, Ailsa A., Runswick, Shirley A., Luben, Robert N., Mulligan, Angela A., McTaggart, Alison and Bingham, Sheila A. (2001) Use of biological markers to validate self-reported dietary intake in a random sample of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer United Kingdom Norfolk cohort. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 74 (2). pp. 188-196. ISSN 1938-3207


Payment, PR and Hunter, PR (2001) Endemic and epidemic infectious intestinal disease and its relation to drinking water. In: Water Quality: Guidelines, Standards and Health Risk assessment and management for water-related infectious disease. IWA Publishing, pp. 61-88. ISBN 1900222280


Sargeant, LA, Khaw, KT, Bingham, S, Day, NE, Luben, RN, Oakes, S, Welch, AA and Wareham, NJ (2001) Fruit and vegetable intake and population glycosylated haemoglobin levels: the EPIC-Norfolk Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 55 (5). pp. 342-348. ISSN 1476-5640

Sargeant, Lincoln A., Khaw, Kay-Tee, Bingham, Sheila, Day, Nicholas E., Luben, Robert N., Oakes, Suzy, Welch, Ailsa and Wareham, Nicholas J. (2001) Cigarette smoking and glycaemia: the EPIC-Norfolk Study. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30 (3). pp. 547-554. ISSN 1464-3685

Scott, DGI, Lane, SE, Watts, RA and Shepstone, L (2001) Long-term toxicity of cyclophosphamide regimens in primary systemic vasculitis (PSV). Working Paper. J RHEUMATOL PUBL CO, 920 YONGE ST, SUITE 115, TORONTO, ONTARIO M4W 3C7, CANADA, JOURNAL OF RHEUMATOLOGY Volume 28, Pages 51-51.

Shepstone, L, Rogers, J, Kirwan, JR and Silverman, BW (2001) Shape of the intercondylar notch of the human femur: a comparison of osteoarthritic and non-osteoarthritic bones from a skeletal sample. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 60 (10). pp. 968-973. ISSN 1468-2060

Shepstone, L (2001) 1. A palaeopathological study of OA, 2. OA of the Elbow. In: Osteoarthritis Research Society, Washington, USA, 2001-01-01.

Shepstone, L (2001) Patterns of OA - a palaeopathological Study. In: Osteoarthritis International Meeting, Rekjarvik, Iceland, 2001-01-01.

Shepstone, L (2001) Re-conceptualising and generalising the absolute risk difference: a unification of effect sizes, odds ratios and number-needed-totreat. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 55 (Suppl 1).

Shepstone, L (2001) A generalisation of the Number-Needed-To-Treat Statistic. In: American College of Rheumatology, San Francisco, USA, 2001-01-01.

Shepstone, L (2001) A generalisation of the number to treat statistic. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 44 (Suppl 9). p. 189. ISSN 1529-0131

Shepstone, L, Rogers, J, Browning, S and Dieppe, P (2001) Palaeopathological study of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 9 (Suppl B).

Shepstone, L, Rogers, J and Dieppe, P (2001) Osteoarthritis of the elbow: an asymptomatic joint? Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 9 (Suppl B).

Snieder, H and MacGregor, AJ ORCID: (2001) Twin studies. In: Encyclopaedia of molecular medicine. Wiley. ISBN 0471374954

Song, Fujian, Sheldon, Trevor A., Sutton, Alex J., Abrams, Keith R. and Jones, David R. (2001) Methods for exploring heterogeneity in meta-analysis. Evaluation and the Health Professions, 24 (2). pp. 126-151. ISSN 1552-3918

Spector, TD, MacGregor, AJ and Snieder, H (2001) Uses of twins in studying the genetics of complex traits. Genescreen, 1 (2). pp. 93-96. ISSN 1466-9218


Titan, Silvia M. O., Bingham, Sheila, Welch, Ailsa, Luben, Robert, Oakes, Suzy, Day, Nicholas and Khaw, Kay-Tee (2001) Frequency of eating and concentrations of serum cholesterol in the Norfolk population of the European prospective investigation into cancer (EPIC-Norfolk): cross-sectional study. British Medical Journal, 323 (7324). pp. 1286-1288.


Watts, RA (2001) Eosinophilia and musculoskeletal disease. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 13 (1). pp. 57-61. ISSN 1531-6963

Watts, RA, Gonzalez-Gay, MA, Lane, SE, Garcia-Porrua, C, Bentham, G and Scott, DGI (2001) Geoepidemiology of systemic vasculitis: comparison of the incidence in two regions of Europe. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 60 (2). pp. 170-172. ISSN 1468-2060

Watts, RA, Lane, SE, Scott, DGI and Bentham, G (2001) Epidemiology of vasculitis in Europe. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 60 (12). pp. 1156-1157. ISSN 0003-4967

Watts, RA, Koldingsnes, W, Nossent, H, Gonzalez-Gay, MA, Lane, SE, Garcia-Porrua, C, Bentham, G and Scott, DGI (2001) Annual incidence of primary systemic vasculitis in three regions of Europe (Letter). Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 60 (12). pp. 1156-1157. ISSN 1468-2060

Watts, RA and Scott, DGI (2001) Treatment of systemic vasculitis. CPD Rheumatology, 2 (2). pp. 23-27.

Welch, AA, McTaggart, A, Mulligan, AA, Luben, R, Walker, N, Khaw, KT, Day, NE and Bingham, SA (2001) DINER (Data Into Nutrients for Epidemiological Research) - a new data-entry program for nutritional analysis in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort and the 7-day diary method. Public Health Nutrition, 4 (6). pp. 1253-1265. ISSN 1475-2727

Whitaker, John, Butler, Anthony, Semlyen, Joanna K. ORCID: and Barnes, Michael P. (2001) Botulinum toxin for people with dystonia treated by an outreach nurse practitioner:A comparative study between a home and a clinic treatment service. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82 (4). pp. 480-484. ISSN 0003-9993

Woodhouse, Sarah and Hunter, Paul R. ORCID: (2001) Risk of invasive meningococcal disease among school workers in Cheshire, United Kingdom. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 32 (12). pp. 1795-1797. ISSN 1537-6591

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