Stemming the rising tide of Vibrio disease

Baker-Austin, Craig, Lake, Iain ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4407-5357, Archer, Elizabeth ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6760-9406, Hartnell, Rachel, Trinanes, Joaquin and Martinez-Urtaza, Jaime (2024) Stemming the rising tide of Vibrio disease. The Lancet Planetary Health, 8 (7). e515-e520. ISSN 2542-5196

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Abstract

Globally, the diverse bacterial genus Vibrio is the most important group of bacterial pathogens found in marine and coastal waters. These bacteria can cause an array of human infections via direct exposure to seawater or through the consumption of seafoods grown and cultivated in coastal and estuarine settings. Crucially, we appear to be on the cusp of an alarming global increase in Vibrio disease. A worldwide increase in seafood consumption, the globalisation of the seafood trade, the more frequent use of coastal waters for recreational activities, and climate change all contribute to greatly increased human health risks associated with Vibrio bacteria. Coupled with a population that is increasingly susceptible to more serious infections, we are likely to see a marked increase in both reported cases and fatalities in the near future. In this Personal View, we discuss and frame this important and emerging public health issue, and provide various contemporary case studies to illustrate how the risk profiles of pathogenic Vibrio bacteria have transformed in the past two decades—particularly in response to changing climatological and meteorological drivers such as marine coastal warming and extreme weather events such as heatwaves and storms. We share various approaches to help better understand and manage risks associated with these bacteria, ranging from risk mitigation strategies to enhanced epidemiological monitoring and surveillance approaches.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: health(social science),public health, environmental and occupational health,health policy,medicine (miscellaneous),sdg 14 - life below water,sdg 13 - climate action,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3306
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Collaborative Centre for Sustainable Use of the Seas
University of East Anglia Schools > Faculty of Science > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Environmental Social Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2024 11:30
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2024 12:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/95582
DOI: 10.1016/S2542-5196(24)00124-4

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