Is it just conservation? A typology of Indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ roles in conserving biodiversity

Dawson, Neil M., Coolsaet, Brendan, Bhardwaj, Aditi, Booker, Francesca, Brown, David, Lliso, Bosco, Loos, Jacqueline, Martin, Adrian ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2916-7712, Oliva, Malena, Pascual, Unai, Sherpa, Pasang and Worsdell, Thomas (2024) Is it just conservation? A typology of Indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ roles in conserving biodiversity. One Earth. ISSN 2590-3322

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Abstract

As conservation initiatives expand in response to biodiversity loss, there remains limited understanding about what forms of governance and roles for different actors produce the best ecological outcomes. Indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ (IPs’ and LCs’) roles extend beyond participation to more equitable governance based on relative control and recognition of their values and institutions, but the relationship with conservation outcomes remains unclear. We review 648 empirical studies to develop a typology of IP and LC roles in governance and, for a subsample of 170, analyze relationships with reported ecological outcomes. The findings reveal that more equitable governance, based on equal partnership or primary control for IPs and LCs, are associated with significantly more positive ecological outcomes. This carries important implications, including for actions toward the Global Biodiversity Framework targets, suggesting a need to elevate the role of IPs and LCs to conservation leaders while respecting their rights and customary institutions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This study was funded by the Centre for the Synthesis and Analysis of Biodiversity (CESAB) of the French Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB) under the JustConservation project. J.L. acknowledges funding by the Robert Bosch Foundation for the project “Wildlife, Values, Justice.” U.P. acknowledges BC3’s Maria de Maeztu excellence accreditation 2023–2026 (Ref. CEX2021-001201- M) provided by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 30 × 30,kunming montreal global biodiversity framework,community-based natural resource management,conservation effectiveness,decolonize,environmental justice,equitable governance,participation,protected areas,rights-based approaches,environmental science(all),earth and planetary sciences (miscellaneous) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300
Faculty \ School: University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Global Development (formerly School of International Development)
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Groups > Area Studies
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Global Environmental Justice
University of East Anglia Schools > Faculty of Science > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 14 May 2024 08:14
Last Modified: 20 May 2024 08:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/95135
DOI: 10.1016/j.oneear.2024.05.001

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