The microbial carbon pump and climate change

Jiao, Nianzhi, Luo, Tingwei, Chen, Quanrui, Zhao, Zhao, Xiao, Xilin, Liu, Jihua, Jian, Zhimin, Xie, Shucheng, Thomas, Helmuth, Herndl, Gerhard J., Benner, Ronald, Gonsior, Micheal, Chen, Feng, Cai, Wei-Jun and Robinson, Carol ORCID: (2024) The microbial carbon pump and climate change. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 22. 408–419. ISSN 1740-1526

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The ocean has been a regulator of climate change throughout the history of Earth. One key mechanism is the mediation of the carbon reservoir by refractory dissolved organic carbon (RDOC), which can either be stored in the water column for centuries or released back into the atmosphere as CO2 depending on the conditions. The RDOC is produced through a myriad of microbial metabolic and ecological processes known as the microbial carbon pump (MCP). Here, we review recent research advances in processes related to the MCP, including the distribution patterns and molecular composition of RDOC, links between the complexity of RDOC compounds and microbial diversity, MCP-driven carbon cycles across time and space, and responses of the MCP to a changing climate. We identify knowledge gaps and future research directions in the role of the MCP, particularly as a key component in integrated approaches combining the mechanisms of the biological and abiotic carbon pumps for ocean negative carbon emissions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This work is supported by the National Science Foundation of China (42188102), the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) ONCE project and the UNESCO-IOC, the joint PICES/ICES Working Group 46.
Uncontrolled Keywords: infectious diseases,immunology and microbiology(all),microbiology,sdg 13 - climate action ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2725
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Environmental Biology
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Collaborative Centre for Sustainable Use of the Seas
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2024 16:30
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2024 10:30
DOI: 10.1038/s41579-024-01018-0

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