Essays on International environmental agreements: political economy aspects of the post-negotiation period

Nazarova, Antonina (2022) Essays on International environmental agreements: political economy aspects of the post-negotiation period. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

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This thesis aims to investigate and study the main stages in the post-negotiation period in international treaties that deal with the provision of public goods. In particular, we look into the stages of signature and ratification. The thesis includes three chapters. The first chapter examines the interaction between the Executive and the Legislature as domestic institutions involved in a treaty-making process. Their interaction is crucial for the transformation of the international treaty terms to domestic policy and largely defines the success of the treaty. Our work is the first one that provides the theoretical and empirical analyses of this interaction and the factors that affect it.

The second empirical chapter looks deeper into the understanding of the role of signature on the ratification decision. Using a duration model in which time is measured on a daily basis, we test the hypothesis that the probability of ratifying an international treaty is greater if it is preceded by signature. Furthermore, we assess the magnitude of that effect depending on the type of the Executive who has signed the treaty: the Executive who has negotiated a treaty, and the Executive who has not taken part in the negotiations.

Finally, the third empirical chapter turns to the interdependent ratification behaviour of countries in the post-negotiation period. We propose a novel empirical approach to the estimation of the factors that affect the decisions of countries to ratify an international treaty (the ratification timing) in the presence of interdependencies between states by estimating a fixed effect model that takes into account heterogeneity among countries and treaties.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Nicola Veasy
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2024 13:16
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2024 13:16


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