Extratropical forests increasingly at risk due to lightning fires

Janssen, Thomas A. J., Jones, Matthew W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3480-7980, Finney, Declan, van der Werf, Guido R., van Wees, Dave, Xu, Wenxuan and Veraverbeke, Sander (2023) Extratropical forests increasingly at risk due to lightning fires. Nature Geoscience, 16 (12). pp. 1136-1144. ISSN 1752-0894

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Fires can be ignited by people or by natural causes, which are almost exclusively lightning strikes. Discriminating between lightning and anthropogenic fires is paramount when estimating impacts of changing socioeconomic and climatological conditions on fire activity. Here we use reference data of fire ignition locations, cause and burned area from seven world regions in a machine-learning approach to obtain a global attribution of lightning and anthropogenic ignitions as dominant fire ignition sources. We show that 77% (uncertainty expressed as one standard deviation = 8%) of the burned area in extratropical intact forests currently stems from lightning and that these areas will probably experience 11 to 31% more lightning per degree warming. Extratropical forests are of global importance for carbon storage. They currently experience high fire-related forest losses and have, per unit area, among the largest fire emissions on Earth. Future increases in lightning in intact forest may therefore compound the positive feedback loop between climate change and extratropical wildfires.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: Dutch Research Council through a Vidi grant 016.Vidi.189.070 (S.V.) and Vici grant (G.v.d.W.); European Research Council through Consolidator grant under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement no. 101000987) (S.V.); Natural Environment Research Council through grants NE/K500835/1 (D.F.) and NE/V01417X/1 (M.J.W).
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
UEA Research Groups: University of East Anglia Schools > Faculty of Science > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Climatic Research Unit
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2023 11:16
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2023 01:59
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/93636
DOI: 10.1038/s41561-023-01322-z


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