Referee abuse, intention to quit, and well-being

Downward, Paul, Webb, Tom and Dawson, Peter (2024) Referee abuse, intention to quit, and well-being. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 95 (1). pp. 207-217. ISSN 0270-1367

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There are growing levels of abuse toward match officials in sport as well as general problems of their recruitment and retention. Purpose: This study analyzes the role that physical and nonphysical abuse has on association football referees’ intentions to quit and their personal well-being. Methods: Drawing on pooled survey data of association football referees from the UK and Canada, this paper employs probit, ordinary least squares, and treatment effects regression analyses to explore the casual relationship between the physical and nonphysical abuse faced by referees, their intention to quit and their well-being. Results: Although physical abuse is less common than nonphysical abuse both affect the intention to quit and well-being of officials. Moreover, those that do not contemplate quitting also face reductions in their well-being. Conclusion: The research recommends a zero-tolerance approach to all forms of abuse of officials in sport and identifies that organizations have a duty of care for the well-being of their officials.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: abuse,officials,regression,well-being,orthopedics and sports medicine,physical therapy, sports therapy and rehabilitation,nephrology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2732
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Applied Econometrics And Finance
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Behavioural Economics
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2023 13:30
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2024 10:30
DOI: 10.1080/02701367.2023.2184459


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