Sexual identity, gender, and anticipated discrimination in prosocial behavior

Aksoy, Billur, Chadd, Ian and Koh, Boon Han ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4893-1432 (2023) Sexual identity, gender, and anticipated discrimination in prosocial behavior. European Economic Review, 154. ISSN 0014-2921

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Abstract

We study whether individuals strategically mask signals about their affinity with the LGBTQ+ community in response to anticipated discrimination in prosocial behavior. We use a sharing (dictator) game in an online experiment where recipients are given the opportunity to signal their LGBTQ+ affinity. Decision-makers, upon observing these signals, decide how much of their endowment to share with their matched recipients. Overall, there is a decrease (although statistically insignificant) in the proportions of recipients who signal their affinity with the LGBTQ+ community when they are informed that these signals will be revealed to decision-makers. Importantly, we find a gender difference: women are more likely to hide such signals given information about how the signals will be used. Auxiliary analysis suggests that this gender difference is likely due to women’s higher propensity to anticipate discrimination. Moreover, we find that decision-makers do not differ in their treatment of individuals based on signals of their LGBTQ+ affinity. However, the intersection between decision-makers’ perceptions of these signals, and both their political stance on social issues and their views about LGBTQ+ rights, matter in shaping their sharing behavior.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Data availability: Data and experimental software can be found online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2023.104427.
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Centres > Centre for Behavioural and Experimental Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Behavioural Economics
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Economic Theory
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2023 09:30
Last Modified: 01 May 2023 00:11
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/91322
DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2023.104427

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