Long-term national climate strategies bet on forests and soils to reach net-zero

Smith, Harry B. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8149-4764, Vaughan, Naomi E. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4532-2084 and Forster, Johanna ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6729-9965 (2022) Long-term national climate strategies bet on forests and soils to reach net-zero. Communications Earth & Environment, 3. ISSN 2662-4435

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Abstract

The deployment of carbon dioxide removal is essential to reach global and national net-zero emissions targets, but little attention has been paid to its practical deployment by countries. Here, we analyse how carbon dioxide removal methods are integrated into 41 of the 50 Long-term Low Emission Development Strategies submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), before 2022. We show that enhancing forest and soil carbon sinks are the most advocated strategies but are only explicitly quantified in 12. Residual emissions by 2050 are only quantified in 20 strategies and most of them use forests to achieve national net-zero targets. Strategies that quantify both residual emissions and carbon dioxide removal identify national constraints, such as wildfire risks to forests and limited geological CO2 storage capacity. These strategies also highlight the need for international cooperation. Taken together, we suggest that the UNFCCC should urgently strengthen its reporting requirements on long-term national climate strategies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This work was funded by a Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant DS-2020-028. NEV acknowledges support from the Natural Environment Research Council (NE/P019951/1).
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental science(all),earth and planetary sciences(all),sdg 13 - climate action ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2022 04:09
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2022 09:32
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/90161
DOI: 10.1038/s43247-022-00636-x

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