The contribution of girls’ longer hours in unpaid work to gender gaps in early adult employment: Evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

Carmichael, Fiona, Darko, Christian, Kanji, Shireen and Vasilakos, Nicholas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3279-2885 (2022) The contribution of girls’ longer hours in unpaid work to gender gaps in early adult employment: Evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Feminist Economics. ISSN 1354-5701

[thumbnail of 2021 02 02 gender paper Title page] Microsoft Word (OpenXML) (2021 02 02 gender paper Title page) - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 21 January 2024.

Request a copy
[thumbnail of Accepted_Mnauscript] PDF (Accepted_Mnauscript) - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 21 January 2024.

Request a copy

Abstract

Across many countries, girls perform more unpaid work than boys. This article shows how the time young women and girls spend in unpaid household work contributes to the gender pay gap that is already evident by age 22. The study analyzes employment participation, type of employment, and wages using five waves of the Young Lives longitudinal survey for Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam. Spending longer hours in unpaid household work in adolescence positively predicts later employment participation but has a scarring effect in negatively predicting job quality (that is a job with a private or public organization) and hourly earnings, particularly for women. Blinder–Oaxaca decompositions of the gender wage gap show young women’s penalty for past household work is due to longer hours of such work rather than a higher penalty for women for a given amount of unpaid work.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: young adults,gender inequality,gender wage gap,life course,unpaid household work,gender studies,business, management and accounting(all),arts and humanities (miscellaneous),economics and econometrics ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3318
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2022 15:30
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2022 03:27
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/82899
DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2022.2084559

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item