The contribution of girls’ longer hours in unpaid work to gender gaps in early adult employment: Evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

Carmichael, Fiona, Darko, Christian K., Kanji, Shireen and Vasilakos, Nicholas (2022) The contribution of girls’ longer hours in unpaid work to gender gaps in early adult employment: Evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Feminist Economics. ISSN 1354-5701 (In Press)

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Abstract

Across many countries girls perform more unpaid work than boys. This article shows how time spent in unpaid household work by young women and girls contributes to the gender pay gap which is already evident by age 22. We analyse employment participation, type of employment and wages using five waves of the Young Lives longitudinal survey for Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Longer hours in unpaid household work in adolescence positively predict later employment participation but negatively predict job quality, that is a job with a private or public organization, and hourly earnings, particularly for women. Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions of the male female wage gap show the female penalty for past household work is due to longer hours of such work rather than a higher female penalty for a given amount of unpaid work.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2022 15:30
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2022 01:15
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/82899
DOI:

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