Pollution in the Arctic Ocean: An overview of multiple pressures and implications for ecosystem services

Townhill, Bryony L., Reppas-Chrysovitsinos, Efstathios, Sühring, Roxana, Halsall, Crispin J., Mengo, Elena, Sanders, Tina, Dähnke, Kirsten, Crabeck, Odile, Kaiser, Jan and Birchenough, Silvana N. R. (2022) Pollution in the Arctic Ocean: An overview of multiple pressures and implications for ecosystem services. AMBIO, 51 (2). pp. 471-483. ISSN 0044-7447

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Abstract

The Arctic is undergoing unprecedented change. Observations and models demonstrate significant perturbations to the physical and biological systems. Arctic species and ecosystems, particularly in the marine environment, are subject to a wide range of pressures from human activities, including exposure to a complex mixture of pollutants, climate change and fishing activity. These pressures affect the ecosystem services that the Arctic provides. Current international policies are attempting to support sustainable exploitation of Arctic resources with a view to balancing human wellbeing and environmental protection. However, assessments of the potential combined impacts of human activities are limited by data, particularly related to pollutants, a limited understanding of physical and biological processes, and single policies that are limited to ecosystem-level actions. This manuscript considers how, when combined, a suite of existing tools can be used to assess the impacts of pollutants in combination with other anthropogenic pressures on Arctic ecosystems, and on the services that these ecosystems provide. Recommendations are made for the advancement of targeted Arctic research to inform environmental practices and regulatory decisions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This work was supported by Project EISPAC (NERC Grant No. NE/R012857/1), part of the Changing Arctic Ocean Programme, jointly funded by the UKRI Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).
Uncontrolled Keywords: chemicals,contaminants,ecopath,management,modelling,policy,environmental chemistry,geography, planning and development,ecology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2304
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2021 08:30
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2022 01:19
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/82650
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-021-01657-0

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