Clinical Translation of Three-Dimensional Scar, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Four-Dimensional Flow, and Quantitative Perfusion in Cardiac MRI: A Comprehensive Review

Paddock, Sophie, Tsampasian, Vasiliki, Assadi, Hosamadin, Mota, Bruno Calife, Swift, Andrew J., Chowdhary, Amrit, Swoboda, Peter, Levelt, Eylem, Sammut, Eva, Dastidar, Amardeep, Broncano Cabrero, Jordi, Del Val, Javier Royuela, Malcolm, Paul, Sun, Julia, Ryding, Alisdair, Sawh, Chris, Greenwood, Richard, Hewson, David, Vassiliou, Vassilios and Garg, Pankaj (2021) Clinical Translation of Three-Dimensional Scar, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Four-Dimensional Flow, and Quantitative Perfusion in Cardiac MRI: A Comprehensive Review. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 8. ISSN 2297-055X

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Abstract

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is a versatile tool that has established itself as the reference method for functional assessment and tissue characterisation. CMR helps to diagnose, monitor disease course and sub-phenotype disease states. Several emerging CMR methods have the potential to offer a personalised medicine approach to treatment. CMR tissue characterisation is used to assess myocardial oedema, inflammation or thrombus in various disease conditions. CMR derived scar maps have the potential to inform ablation therapy—both in atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. Quantitative CMR is pushing boundaries with motion corrections in tissue characterisation and first-pass perfusion. Advanced tissue characterisation by imaging the myocardial fibre orientation using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), has also demonstrated novel insights in patients with cardiomyopathies. Enhanced flow assessment using four-dimensional flow (4D flow) CMR, where time is the fourth dimension, allows quantification of transvalvular flow to a high degree of accuracy for all four-valves within the same cardiac cycle. This review discusses these emerging methods and others in detail and gives the reader a foresight of how CMR will evolve into a powerful clinical tool in offering a precision medicine approach to treatment, diagnosis, and detection of disease.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2021 00:11
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2021 00:08
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/80878
DOI: 10.3389/fcvm.2021.682027

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