What is the effect of stimulus complexity on attention to repeating and changing information in Autism

Arora, Iti, Bellato, Alessio, Gliga, Teodora, Ropar, Danielle, Kochhar, Puja, Hollis, Chris and Groom, Madeleine (2021) What is the effect of stimulus complexity on attention to repeating and changing information in Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. ISSN 0162-3257

[img]
Preview
PDF (Accepted_Manuscript) - Accepted Version
Download (791kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
PDF (Published_Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (948kB) | Preview

Abstract

Slower habituation to repeating stimuli characterises Autism, but it is not known whether this is driven by difficulties with information processing or an attentional bias towards sameness. We conducted eye-tracking and presented looming geometrical shapes, clocks with moving arms and smiling faces, as two separate streams of stimuli (one repeating and one changing), to 7–15 years old children and adolescents (n = 103) with Autism, ADHD or co-occurring Autism+ADHD, and neurotypical children (Study-1); and to neurotypical children (n = 64) with varying levels of autistic traits (Study-2). Across both studies, autistic features were associated with longer looks to the repeating stimulus, and shorter looks to the changing stimulus, but only for more complex stimuli, indicating greater difficulty in processing complex or unpredictable information.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: autism,autistic traits,eye-tracking,habituation,information foraging,developmental and educational psychology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3204
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2021 00:50
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 23:49
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/79471
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-021-04961-6

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item