Political transition and emergent forest-conservation issues in Myanmar

Prescott, Graham W., Sutherland, William J., Aguirre, Daniel, Baird, Matthew, Bowman, Vicky, Brunner, Jake, Connette, Grant M., Cosier, Martin, Dapice, David, De Alban, Jose Don T., Diment, Alex, Fogerite, Julia, Fox, Jefferson, Hlaing, Win, Htun, Saw, Hurd, Jack, LaJeunesse Connette, Katherine, Lasmana, Felicia, Lim, Cheng Ling, Lynam, Antony, Maung, Aye Chan, McCarron, Benjamin, McCarthy, John F., McShea, William J., Momberg, Frank, Mon, Myat Su, Myint, Than, Oberndorf, Robert, Oo, Thaung Naing, Phelps, Jacob, Rao, Madhu, Schmidt-Vogt, Dietrich, Speechly, Hugh, Springate-Baginski, Oliver, Steinmetz, Robert, Talbott, Kirk, Than, Maung Maung, Thaung (RECOFTC), Tint Lwin, Thawng, Salai Cung Lian, Thein, Kyaw Min, Thein, Shwe, Tizard, Robert, Whitten, Tony, Williams, Guy, Wilson, Trevor, Woods, Kevin, Ziegler, Alan D., Zrust, Michal and Webb, Edward L. (2017) Political transition and emergent forest-conservation issues in Myanmar. Conservation Biology, 31 (6). 1257–1270. ISSN 0888-8892

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Abstract

Political and economic transitions have had substantial impacts on forest conservation. Where transitions are underway or anticipated, historical precedent and methods for systematically assessing future trends should be used to anticipate likely threats to forest conservation and design appropriate and prescient policy measures to counteract them. Myanmar is transitioning from an authoritarian, centralized state with a highly regulated economy to a more decentralized and economically liberal democracy and is working to end a long-running civil war. With these transitions in mind, we used a horizon-scanning approach to assess the 40 emerging issues most affecting Myanmar's forests, including internal conflict, land-tenure insecurity, large-scale agricultural development, demise of state timber enterprises, shortfalls in government revenue and capacity, and opening of new deforestation frontiers with new roads, mines, and hydroelectric dams. Averting these threats will require, for example, overhauling governance models, building capacity, improving infrastructure- and energy-project planning, and reforming land-tenure and environmental-protection laws. Although challenges to conservation in Myanmar are daunting, the political transition offers an opportunity for conservationists and researchers to help shape a future that enhances Myanmar's social, economic, and environmental potential while learning and applying lessons from other countries. Our approach and results are relevant to other countries undergoing similar transitions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: agriculture,civil war,forestry,governance,horizon scan,infrastructure,land tenure,priority setting,agricultura,escaneo del horizonte,establecimiento de prioridades,gobernanza,guerra civil,infraestructura,silvicultura,tenencia
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 06:06
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 01:51
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/65359
DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13021

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