Empirical tests of a brain-based model of executive function development

Perone, Sammy, Plebanek, Daniel J., Lorenz, Megan G., Spencer, John P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7320-144X and Samuelson, Larissa K. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9141-3286 (2019) Empirical tests of a brain-based model of executive function development. Child Development, 90 (1). pp. 210-226. ISSN 0009-3920

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Abstract

Executive function (EF) plays a foundational role in development. A brain-based model of EF development is probed for the experiences that strengthen EF in the dimensional change card sort task in which children sort cards by one rule and then are asked to switch to another. Three-year-olds perseverate on the first rule, failing the task, whereas 4-year-olds pass. Three predictions of the model are tested to help 3-year-olds (N = 54) pass. Experiment 1 shows that experience with shapes and the label “shape” helps children. Experiment 2 shows that experience with colors—without a label—helps children. Experiment 3 shows that experience with colors induces dimensional attention. The implications of this work for early intervention are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Developmental Science
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Cognition, Action and Perception
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2017 05:05
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 23:55
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63256
DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12885

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