Language and memory for object location

Gudde, Harmen, Coventry, Kenny ORCID: and Engelhardt, Paul (2016) Language and memory for object location. Cognition, 153. pp. 99-107. ISSN 0010-0277

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In three experiments, we investigated the influence of two types of language on memory for object location: demonstratives (this, that) and possessives (my, your). Participants first read instructions containing demonstratives/possessives to place objects at different locations, and then had to recall those object locations (following object removal). Experiments 1 and 2 tested contrasting predictions of two possible accounts of language on object location memory: the Expectation Model (Coventry, Griffiths, & Hamilton, 2014) and the congruence account (Bonfiglioli, Finocchiaro, Gesierich, Rositani, & Vescovi, 2009). In Experiment 3, the role of attention allocation as a possible mechanism was investigated. Results across all three experiments show striking effects of language on object location memory, with the pattern of data supporting the Expectation Model. In this model, the expected location cued by language and the actual location are concatenated leading to (mis)memory for object location, consistent with models of predictive coding (Bar, 2009; Friston, 2003).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Uncontrolled Keywords: memory,object location,spatial demonstratives,possessives,extrapersonal space
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 May 2016 16:00
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 05:32
DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.04.016


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