A statistical gap-filling method to interpolate global monthly surface ocean carbon dioxide data

Jones, Steve D., Le Quere, Corinne ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2319-0452, Rodenbeck, Christian, Manning, Andrew ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6952-7773 and Olsen, Are (2015) A statistical gap-filling method to interpolate global monthly surface ocean carbon dioxide data. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7 (4). pp. 1554-1575.

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We have developed a statistical gap-filling method adapted to the specific coverage and prop-erties of observed fugacity of surface ocean CO2(fCO2). We have used this method to interpolate the Sur-face Ocean CO2Atlas (SOCAT) v2 database on a 2.5832.58 global grid (south of 708N) for 1985–2011 atmonthly resolution. The method combines a spatial interpolation based on a ‘‘radius of influence’’ to deter-mine nearby similar fCO2values with temporal harmonic and cubic spline curve-fitting, and also fits long-term trends and seasonal cycles. Interannual variability is established using deviations of observations fromthe fitted trends and seasonal cycles. An uncertainty is computed for all interpolated values based on thespatial and temporal range of the interpolation. Tests of the method using model data show that it performsas well as or better than previous regional interpolation methods, but in addition it provides a near-globaland interannual coverage.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2016 23:06
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2023 10:42
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/57602
DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000416

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