Assessing fatigue in inflammatory bowel disease: comparison of three fatigue scales

Norton, Christine and Forbes, Alastair ORCID: (2015) Assessing fatigue in inflammatory bowel disease: comparison of three fatigue scales. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 42 (2). pp. 203-211. ISSN 0269-2813

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BACKGROUND: Fatigue is commonly reported by patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), both in quiescent and active disease. Few fatigue scales have been tested in IBD.   AIM: To assess three fatigue assessment scales in IBD and to determine correlates of fatigue.   METHODS: Potential participants (n = 2131) were randomly selected from an IBD organisation's members' database; 605 volunteered and were posted three fatigue scales: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Fatigue scale, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory and Multidimensional Assessment Fatigue scale and questionnaires assessing anxiety, depression, quality of life (QoL) and IBD activity. The questionnaires were tested for stability over time with another group (n = 70) of invited participants. Internal consistency was measured by Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).   RESULTS: Four hundred and sixty-five of 605 (77%) questionnaires were returned; of 70 invited, 48/70 returned test (68.6%) and 41/70 (58.6%) returned retest. The three scales are highly correlated (P < 0.001). Test-retest suggests reasonable agreement with ICC values between 0.65 and 0.84. Lower age, female gender, IBD diagnosis, anxiety, depression and QoL were associated with fatigue (P < 0.001) on univariable analysis. However, on multivariable analysis only depression and low QoL were consistently associated with fatigue, while female gender was associated on most scales. IBD diagnosis, age and other factors were not consistently associated with severity or impact of fatigue once other variables were controlled for.   CONCLUSIONS: All three fatigue scales are likely to measure IBD fatigue adequately. Responsiveness to change has not been tested. Depression, poorer QoL and probably female gender are the major associations of fatigue in IBD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ibd,fatigue
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Gastroenterology and Gut Biology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Nutrition and Preventive Medicine
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2015 08:11
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 02:31
DOI: 10.1111/apt.13255


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