An accurate test for homogeneity of odds ratios based on Cochran's Q-statistic

Kulinskaya, Elena and Dollinger, Michael B. (2015) An accurate test for homogeneity of odds ratios based on Cochran's Q-statistic. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 15. ISSN 1471-2288

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Abstract

Background: A frequently used statistic for testing homogeneity in a meta-analysis of K independent studies is Cochran's Q. For a standard test of homogeneity the Q statistic is referred to a chi-square distribution with K - 1 degrees of freedom. For the situation in which the effects of the studies are logarithms of odds ratios, the chi-square distribution is much too conservative for moderate size studies, although it may be asymptotically correct as the individual studies become large. Methods: Using a mixture of theoretical results and simulations, we provide formulas to estimate the shape and scale parameters of a gamma distribution to t the distribution of Q. Results: Simulation studies show that the gamma distribution is a good approximation to the distribution for Q. Conclusions: : Use of the gamma distribution instead of the chi-square distribution for Q should eliminate inaccurate inferences in assessing homogeneity in a meta-analysis. (A computer program for implementing this test is provided.) This hypothesis test is competitive with the Breslow-Day test both in accuracy of level and in power.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Kulinskaya and Dollinger. 2015 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Uncontrolled Keywords: meta-analysis,2x 2 tables,heterogeneity test,interaction test,fixed effects model,random effects model
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Computing Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2015 12:00
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2020 00:37
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/55179
DOI: 10.1186/s12874-015-0034-x

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