An archaeology of colonialism, conflict, and exclusion : conflict landscapes of Western Sahara : in two volumes: volume one

Garfi, Salvatore (2014) An archaeology of colonialism, conflict, and exclusion : conflict landscapes of Western Sahara : in two volumes: volume one. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

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When Spain gave up its colony of Spanish (now Western) Sahara in 1975, it was annexed by Morocco and Mauritania. A sixteen-year war ensued, leaving the country
divided between Morocco and the Polisario Front. This unresolved conflict left indelible scars on the landscape, mainly battlescapes, made up of numerous field
fortifications littered with the detritus of war, and ‘the berm’ (or ‘berms’) a succession of fortified earth and stone walls constructed by Morocco between 1980 and 1987,
partitioning a formerly pastoral landscape, and excluding pro-independence Saharawis from the western four-fifths of their country.
This dissertation will explore how this desert landscape has been transformed by colonialism and war, and how in some ways, the Saharawi people are actively reappropriating their land. This will be done by looking at the landscape at three levels of resolution. The broadest, or national level, will chart the growth and spread of the
berms, illustrating the material extent of Moroccan colonial control, and the exclusion of Saharawis within and outside the territory. The middle, or regional level, will
explore the militarisation of one settlement – Tifariti – which was fought over during the war, and which hosted a unique art festival between 2007 and 2010. The third,
finer level, will look at the land art that was created as a result of the art festival, and which is now a new stratum of contemporary archaeology, overlying the extensive
prehistoric archaeology evident in the region.
A great number of national barriers are at this moment being raised around the globe, with countries adopting siege mentalities with their neighbours. This dissertation will
explore how archaeology can apply a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing upon a variety of resources, to help us understand the contemporary phenomena of conflict
and exclusion, through the unique example of Western Sahara.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > School of Art History and World Art Studies (former - to 2014)
Depositing User: Jackie Webb
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2015 15:29
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2015 15:34


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