Radiological evidence for the triple bundle anterior cruciate ligament

MacKay, James W ORCID:, Whitehead, Harry and Toms, Andoni P (2014) Radiological evidence for the triple bundle anterior cruciate ligament. Clinical Anatomy, 27 (7). pp. 1097-1102. ISSN 0897-3806

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The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has traditionally been described as having two bundles-one anteromedial and one posterolateral. This has been challenged by studies proposing the existence of a third, intermediate, bundle with distinct functional significance, an arrangement that has been described in a number of domesticated animal species. No radiological evidence for the triple bundle ACL has previously been described. A prevalence study was carried out on 73 consecutive human knee magnetic resonance (MR) studies to determine the number of visible bundles, excluding individuals with a history of ACL injury or mucoid degeneration. A triple bundle ACL was demonstrated in 15 out of 73 human knees (20.5%, 95% confidence interval 12.9-31.2%). This is the first radiological description of the human triple bundle ACL. There was MR imaging evidence of a triple bundle ACL in approximately one fifth of human knees in this study. Clin. Anat. 27:1097-1102, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Uncontrolled Keywords: anterior cruciate ligament,magnetic resonance imaging,knee anatomy
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2014 12:36
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2022 20:31
DOI: 10.1002/ca.22420

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