Containment and counter-containment:planner/community relations in conservation planning

Few, Roger (2001) Containment and counter-containment:planner/community relations in conservation planning. The Geographical Journal, 167 (2). pp. 111-124. ISSN 0016-7398

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


Critical analyses of public involvement in conservation projects in developing countries commonly point toward imbalances of power between project agencies and communities and the persistence of top-down patterns of decision-making. Taking an actor-oriented research approach, this paper probes beneath the surface patterns to analyse the complex socio-political mechanisms at work in the negotiating arena represented by public participation in project planning. The discussion is based on a case study of community involvement in the planning of protected areas in Belize. Detailed analysis of the power relations and tactical interactions between different actors in the negotiating arenas revealed that planner/community relations in the case study were dominated by a process identified as 'containment'. Containment refers to a strategic management of public involvement by the planning agencies, and it hinged on three fundamental social actions: avoidance of conflict; exclusion of dissent; and control over knowledge and procedure. Actions by local stakeholders that served to undermine containment constitute 'counter-containment'. The paper discusses these mechanisms in depth, before developing a comparative analytical framework of containment and counter-containment to help explain disparities in planning progress between different sites.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: belize,community participation,containment,power relations,protected areas
Faculty \ School:
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2014 15:44
Last Modified: 17 May 2023 01:02
DOI: 10.1111/geoj.2001.167.issue-2

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item