An exploratory study of primary care pharmacist-led epilepsy consultations:Pharmacist-led epilepsy consultations

Fogg, Angela, Staufenberg, Ekkehart F., Small, Ian and Bhattacharya, Debi (2012) An exploratory study of primary care pharmacist-led epilepsy consultations:Pharmacist-led epilepsy consultations. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 20 (5). pp. 294-302. ISSN 0961-7671

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Abstract

Objective Most epilepsies are managed with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), but medication non-adherence has been frequently reported. Satisfying patient information needs has demonstrated improved adherence. Multi-professional working has been encouraged to provide cost-effective health services by using the most appropriate healthcare professional. Research has demonstrated that pharmacist-led consultations are acceptable to patients with other medical conditions and therefore may be appropriate for patients with epilepsy. We aimed to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a pharmacist-led epilepsy consultation (PLEC) study. This encompassed estimating the eligibility and consent rate for a PLEC study, plus the acceptability of potential intervention outcome measures and likely effects. Methods Eligible patients with a diagnosis of epilepsy and prescribed AEDs were invited by telephone to attend a PLEC. Baseline adherence, general mental well-being, epilepsy-related quality of life and satisfaction with information received about epilepsy medication were recorded. The intervention was a 30 min consultation to provide participants with an opportunity to ask questions related to their epilepsy therapy. Baseline data collection was repeated after 2 months. Results Of 106 (97.2%) consenting patients, 82 (77.4%) attended the PLEC. The 2 month follow-up questionnaire was fully completed by 50 (67.6%) participants. The number (percentage ± 95% confidence interval) of participants reporting adherent behaviour pre-PLEC was 22 (44.0 ± 13.7%) which increased to 30 (60 ± 13.6%) post-PLEC (P < 0.03, McNemar test). Discussion Accepting the limitations of a before-and-after study and small sample size, the findings suggest that a PLEC may improve adherence. A definitive trial is necessary to confirm the effect of a PLEC and establish the longevity and cost-effectiveness of the outcomes. Attrition of potential participants not contactable by telephone suggests the need for additional postal contact in subsequent trials. A reduction in loss to follow-up is also desirable and potentially achievable using telephone reminders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adherence,epilepsy,pharmacy services
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy
Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2013 10:48
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2019 14:18
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/45443
DOI: 10.1111/ijpp.2012.20.issue-5

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