A review of recent developments in climate change science. Part II: The global-scale impacts of climate change

Gosling, Simon N., Warren, Rachel ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0122-1599, Arnell, Nigel W., Good, Peter, Caesar, John, Bernie, Dan, Lowe, Jason A., van der Linden, Paul, O'Hanley, Jesse R. and Smith, Stephen M. (2011) A review of recent developments in climate change science. Part II: The global-scale impacts of climate change. Progress in Physical Geography, 35 (4). pp. 443-464. ISSN 0309-1333

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This article presents a review of recent developments in studies assessing the global-scale impacts of climate change published since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Literature covering six main impact sectors is reviewed: sea-level rise (SLR) and coastal impacts, ocean acidification, ecosystems and biodiversity, water resources and desertification, agriculture and food security, and human health. The review focuses on studies with a global perspective to climate change impacts assessment, although in the absence of global studies for some sectors or aspects of impacts, national and regional studies are cited. The review highlights three major emerging themes which are of importance for the policy- and decision-making process: (1) a movement towards probabilistic methods of impacts assessment and/or the consideration of climate modelling uncertainty; (2) a move towards assessing potential impacts that could be avoided under different climate change mitigation scenarios relative to a business-as-usual reference scenario; and (3) uncertainties that remain in understanding the relationship between climate and natural or human systems. Whether recent impact assessments show a changed risk of damage to human or natural systems since the AR4 depends upon the impact sector; whether the assessments are robust or not (i.e. will stand the test of time) requires additional expert judgement. However, using this judgement, overall we find an increased risk to natural systems, and in some components of human systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 2 - zero hunger,sdg 3 - good health and well-being,sdg 13 - climate action,sdg 14 - life below water ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/zero_hunger
Faculty \ School: University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rhiannon Harvey
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2012 12:06
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2023 12:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/38152
DOI: 10.1177/0309133311407650

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