Metric spaces in pure and applied mathematics

Dress, A., Huber, K. T. and Moulton, V. ORCID: (2001) Metric spaces in pure and applied mathematics. In: Conference on Quadratic Forms and Related Topics, 2001-03-26 - 2001-03-30.

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The close relationship between the theory of quadratic forms and distance analysis has been known for centuries, and the theory of metric spaces that formalizes distance analysis and was developed over the last century, has obvious strong relations to quadratic-form theory. In contrast, the first paper that studied metric spaces as such - without trying to study their embeddability into any one of the standard metric spaces nor looking at them as mere `presentations' of the underlying topological space - was, to our knowledge, written in the late sixties by John Isbell. In particular, Isbell showed that in the category whose objects are metric spaces and whose morphisms are non-expansive maps, a unique injective hull exists for every object, he provided an explicit construction of this hull, and he noted that, at least for finite spaces, it comes endowed with an intrinsic polytopal cell structure. In this paper, we discuss Isbell's construction, we summarize the history of - and some basic questions studied in - phylogenetic analysis, and we explain why and how these two topics are related to each other. Finally, we just mention in passing some intriguing analogies between, on the one hand, a certain stratification of the cone of all metrics defined on a finite set X that is based on the combinatorial properties of the polytopal cell structure of Isbell's injective hulls and, on the other, various stratifications of the cone of positive semi-definite quadratic forms defined on Rn that were introduced by the Russian school in the context of reduction theory.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Computing Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Computational Biology > Computational biology of RNA (former - to 2018)
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Computational Biology > Phylogenetics (former - to 2018)
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Computational Biology
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Norwich Epidemiology Centre
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Norwich Epidemiology Centre
Depositing User: Vishal Gautam
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2011 18:17
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2023 14:35

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