Ocean temperature and salinity components of the Madden-Julian oscillation observed by Argo floats

Matthews, Adrian J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0492-1168, Singhruck, Patama and Heywood, Karen J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9859-0026 (2010) Ocean temperature and salinity components of the Madden-Julian oscillation observed by Argo floats. Climate Dynamics, 35 (7-8). pp. 1149-1168. ISSN 0930-7575

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New diagnostics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) cycle in ocean temperature and, for the first time, salinity are presented. The MJO composites are based on 4 years of gridded Argo float data from 2003 to 2006, and extend from the surface to 1,400 m depth in the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. The MJO surface salinity anomalies are consistent with precipitation minus evaporation fluxes in the Indian Ocean, and with anomalous zonal advection in the Pacific. The Argo sea surface temperature and thermocline depth anomalies are consistent with previous studies using other data sets. The near-surface density changes due to salinity are comparable to, and partially offset, those due to temperature, emphasising the importance of including salinity as well as temperature changes in mixed-layer modelling of tropical intraseasonal processes. The MJO-forced equatorial Kelvin wave that propagates along the thermocline in the Pacific extends down into the deep ocean, to at least 1,400 m. Coherent, statistically significant, MJO temperature and salinity anomalies are also present in the deep Indian Ocean.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Mathematics
Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rosie Cullington
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2011 12:38
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2023 08:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/20367
DOI: 10.1007/s00382-009-0631-7

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