Coastal management in the 21st century: Coping strategies for vulnerability reduction

Turner, RK, Burgess, D, Hadley, D, Coombes, E and Jackson, N (2006) Coastal management in the 21st century: Coping strategies for vulnerability reduction. pp. 1-23.

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European coasts are coming under increasing threat as a result of climate change from erosion and flooding, with 20% of the coastline seriously impacted and 15 km2 of land lost each year (Doody et al. 2004). While coastal defences such as sea walls have been constructed since Roman times to protect human settlements from the sea, it is now increasingly recognised that these defences are unsustainable. The security provided by the 'hard' engineered defences has encouraged excessive development on the coast, and the defences themselves have led to the loss of intertidal habitat and the natural protection it provides. An alternative to maintaining 'hard' defences (hold-the-line) to protect land from increasing sea levels is managed realignment, where the engineered defences are deliberately breached. By allowing the coastline to recede to a new line of defence further inland intertidal habitat is created providing natural protection from flooding and erosion. In the face of rising sea levels and as existing coastal management strategies are being reviewed, it is pertinent to assess the economic efficiency of all methods of coastal defence. In this study, a cost-benefit analysis is undertaken in the Humber Estuary in North-east England, comparing a strategy of holding-the-line with various managed realignment scenarios. Cost-benefit analysis is viewed as one component of a wider policy appraisal process within integrated coastal management.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 14 - life below water ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/life_below_water
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE)
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Epidemiology and Public Health
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Public Health and Health Services Research (former - to 2023)
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Environmental Social Sciences
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Collaborative Centre for Sustainable Use of the Seas
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Rosie Cullington
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2011 14:17
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2023 15:30

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