Policy misfits, climate change and cross-scale vulnerability in coastal Africa: How development projects undermine resilience

Bunce, M, Brown, K and Rosendo, S (2010) Policy misfits, climate change and cross-scale vulnerability in coastal Africa: How development projects undermine resilience. Environmental Science & Policy, 13 (6). pp. 485-497. ISSN 1462-9011

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Abstract

Coastal social ecological systems in eastern Africa are subject to a range of environmental, social and economic changes. They are already vulnerable to these multiple stressors, and the impacts of climate change are likely to further exacerbate their vulnerabilities. Some of these impacts may be observed and experienced already. The analysis presented in this paper is based on mixed methods empirical research exploring local perceptions of recent changes at four sites in coastal Tanzania and Mozambique. People recognise and rank a number of climate and non-climate stressors which have contributed towards more risky and less diverse livelihoods. Importantly, regional and international policy initiatives – in the form of river basin management in Mozambique and South Africa, and development of a Marine Protected Area in Tanzania – are perceived to further erode resilience and exacerbate vulnerabilities. We suggest this is a form of policy misfit, where policies developed to address a specific issue do not take account of cross-scale dynamics of change, the interactions between multiple stressors, nor longer term climate change. This policy misfit may be remedied by a move towards adaptive forms of governance, and necessitates an explicit focus on building the adaptive capacity of the poor and most vulnerable in society.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > Tyndall Centre for Climatic Change
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Abigail Dalgleish
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2010 16:15
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 16:58
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/18548
DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2010.06.003

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