Impact of menstrual blood loss and diet on iron deficiency among women in the UK

Harvey, Linda J, Armah, Charlotte N, Dainty, Jack R ORCID:, Foxall, Robert J, Lewis, D John, Langford, Nicola J and Fairweather-Tait, Susan J ORCID: (2005) Impact of menstrual blood loss and diet on iron deficiency among women in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 94 (4). pp. 557-564. ISSN 1475-2662

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Women of childbearing age are at risk of Fe deficiency if insufficient dietary Fe is available to replace menstrual and other Fe losses. Haem Fe represents 10-15 % of dietary Fe intake in meat-rich diets but may contribute 40 % of the total absorbed Fe. The aim of the present study was to determine the relative effects of type of diet and menstrual Fe loss on Fe status in women. Ninety healthy premenopausal women were recruited according to their habitual diet: red meat, poultry/fish or lacto-ovo-vegetarian. Intake of Fe was determined by analysing 7 d duplicate diets, and menstrual Fe loss was measured using the alkaline haematin method. A substantial proportion of women (60 % red meat, 40 % lacto-ovo-vegetarian, 20 % poultry/fish) had low Fe stores (serum ferritin

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent,adult,analysis of variance,iron-deficiency anemia,animals,diet,diet, vegetarian,female,ferritins,fishes,humans,dietary iron,linear models,menstruation,nutritional status,poultry
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2010 13:38
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 02:19
DOI: 10.1079/BJN20051493

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