Economic Backwardness and Social Tension

Brunnschweiler, Christa N and Lujala, Päivi (2019) Economic Backwardness and Social Tension. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 121 (2). pp. 482-516. ISSN 0347-0520

[img] PDF (Accepted manuscript) - Submitted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 08 October 2019.
Available under License ["licenses_description_unspecified" not defined].

Download (225kB) | Request a copy


    We propose that relative economic backwardness contributes to the build-up of social tension and nonviolent and violent conflict. We test our hypothesis using data on organized mass movements and armed civil conflict. The findings show that greater economic backwardness is consistently linked to a higher probability of seeing the onset of violent and especially nonviolent forms of civil unrest. We provide evidence that the relationship is causal in IV estimations using new instruments, including mailing speeds and telegram charges around 1900. The magnitude of the effect of backwardness on social tension increases in the 2SLS estimations.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: economic backwardness,economic development,conflict,social tension,iv estimation
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2017 06:06
    Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 12:32
    DOI: 10.1111/sjoe.12281

    Actions (login required)

    View Item