Empirical tests of a brain-based model of executive function development

Perone, Sammy, Plebanek, Daniel J., Lorenz, Megan G., Spencer, John P. and Samuelson, Larissa K. (2019) Empirical tests of a brain-based model of executive function development. Child Development, 90 (1). pp. 210-226. ISSN 0009-3920

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    Abstract

    Executive function (EF) plays a foundational role in development. A brain-based model of EF development is probed for the experiences that strengthen EF in the dimensional change card sort (DCCS) task in which children sort cards by one rule and then are asked to switch to another. Three-year-olds perseverate on the first rule, failing the task, whereas 4-year-olds pass. Three predictions of the model are tested to help 3-year-olds (N=54) pass. Experiment 1 shows that experience with shapes and the label ‘shape’ helps children. Experiment 2 shows that experience with colors – without a label - helps children. Experiment 3 shows that experience with colors induces dimensional attention. This work indicates that training dimensional attention is a pathway for EF interventions.

    Item Type: Article
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2017 06:05
    Last Modified: 09 Feb 2019 01:06
    URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63256
    DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12885

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