The impact of relative position and returns on sacrifice and reciprocity: an experimental study using individual decisions

Brandts, Jordi, Fatas, Enrique, Haruvy, Ernan and Lagos, Francisco (2015) The impact of relative position and returns on sacrifice and reciprocity: an experimental study using individual decisions. Social Choice and Welfare, 45 (3). pp. 489-511. ISSN 0176-1714

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    Abstract

    We present a comprehensive experimental design that makes it possible to characterize other-regarding preferences and their relationship to the decision maker’s relative position. Participants are faced with a large number of decisions involving variations in the trade-offs between own and other’s payoffs, as well as in other potentially important factors like the decision maker’s relative position. We find that: (1) choices are responsive to the cost of helping and hurting others; (2) The weight a decision maker places on others’ monetary payoffs depends on whether the decision maker is in an advantageous or disadvantageous relative position; and (3) We find no evidence of reciprocity of the type linked to menu-dependence. The results of a mixture-model estimation show considerable heterogeneity in subjects’ motivations and confirm the absence of reciprocal motives. Pure selfish behavior is the most frequently observed behavior. Among the subjects exhibiting social preferences, social-welfare maximization is the most frequent, followed by inequality-aversion and by competitiveness.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: difference aversion,experiments,reciprocity,social preferences,economics and econometrics,social sciences (miscellaneous) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2000/2002
    Faculty \ School: ?? UEA ??
    Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
    ?? MGT ??
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2014 14:34
    Last Modified: 21 Mar 2019 11:11
    URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/49683
    DOI: 10.1007/s00355-014-0818-7

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