Weather, climate change and dengue in Mexico

Colon-Gonzalez, FJ (2012) Weather, climate change and dengue in Mexico. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

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    Many studies have estimated empirical relationships between dengue, weather, and El Ni˜no
    in several regions of the world. Some of these studies used their model estimations to predict
    the potential impacts of climate change on the future distribution of dengue. Often,
    these studies have sidestepped elements that are key to the estimation of the effects of climate
    variables on dengue with statistical confidence. For example, they fail to incorporate
    covariates that may confound the empirical associations between dengue, weather, El Ni˜no,
    and climate undermining their model estimations. Additionally, several studies used nationally
    or supra-nationally aggregated data which remove the spatial variability in all variables
    making it difficult to detect complex associations between dengue and climate variables.
    Other studies were conducted in small geographical areas with the problem of having low
    numbers of disease cases posing problems for their analysis with statistical confidence.
    Here, we used the most comprehensive dengue-related datasets analysed to date and
    several statistical methods to investigate the effects of weather, climate, and El Ni˜no on
    dengue incidence. We demonstrate that such effects are robust to the confounding effects
    of socioeconomic development and other non-climatic factors such as seasonal trends and
    inter-annual variability. Our results reveal that the effects weather and El Ni˜no are significantly
    heterogeneous between provinces influenced by the underlying climate. With the
    exception of access to piped water, we could not identify significant effects of socioeconomic
    status on dengue occurrence. This result is likely related to human behaviour or the
    lack of protective measures against mosquitoes. We used our model estimations to project
    the potential impacts of climate change on dengue incidence by 2030, 2050 and 2080 with
    greater statistical confidence than previous studies. Our projections indicate that climate
    change is likely to increase dengue incidence mainly in already endemic areas.

    Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
    Depositing User: Mia Reeves
    Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2013 16:15
    Last Modified: 12 Jun 2013 16:15

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