An evaluation of requisite parenting - an optimal Black parenting style

Okpokiri, Cynthia ORCID: (2024) An evaluation of requisite parenting - an optimal Black parenting style. Barnardos.

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This work is an evaluation of a parenting style developed from previous research by Okpokiri (2017). That study found, using data from 25 Nigerian parents in Greater London and an online blog with respondents from varied Black backgrounds, that Black parents were predominantly using a parenting style not well understood by non-Black populations, including professionals and policy makers. There was also no known research documenting this Black parenting style. From findings of that research, Okpokiri grouped distinct positive Black parenting practices into key principles, to generate a parenting style termed ‘requisite parenting’. Requisite parenting has six principles: selfless love, pride, adaptability, resourcefulness, courage, and spirituality (SPARCS). The current qualitative research evaluates how principles of requisite parenting align with research participants’ understandings of good Black parenting. Requisite parenting style builds on Baumrind’s (1971, 1996) established theory of parenting styles; it acknowledges parents’ deep concerns about the profound negative effects of Afrophobia (anti-Black racism) and poverty on their Black children’s potential to thrive. Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data from 34 participants comprising 17 parents, 11 children and young people, and six social workers and child practitioners. Fricker’s (2007; 2013) conceptualisation of power as socially situated is applied as theoretical lens. Frame analysis is used to access broader meanings in the data, activating concepts (discourses) used to define Black parenting. The study highlights the challenges of parenting Black children in spaces with significant structural inequalities, such as multi-racial societies, while evaluating and developing a parenting approach which centres those challenges. As the model resonates with participants’ experiences and or expectations of optimal Black parenting, requisite parenting style is presented to parents of Black children, social workers and associated professions, and organisations and policy makers as a useful approach for reconceptualising, assessing, and working with Black children and families. The words model, approach, and style are used interchangeably in the study. The word ‘Black’ refers to a cultural and political term for identifying people of historical African heritage; it does not signify colour. It is applied in the same way as ‘African’, ‘Caribbean’ or ‘African American’.

Item Type: Book
Uncontrolled Keywords: parenting styles,black parenting,black children,racism,child welfare
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Social Work
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Centres > Centre for Research on Children and Families
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2024 16:30
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2024 16:30


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