Contesting and reconstituting conservation in space, time and law

Jonas, Harry Driver (2021) Contesting and reconstituting conservation in space, time and law. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

[thumbnail of Harry Jonas - 100336386 - Critical Analysis - Final 2021.pdf]
Download (1MB) | Preview


This critical analysis engages with eight papers, produced between 2010-2021, covering four areas of research, namely: community protocols, rights-based approaches to protected areas, other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs), and equitable and effective area-based conservation and the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. At the heart of the work is a form of research and activism rooted in local experiences, problematised by legal-political ecology, and informed by the literature. It first articulates the theoretical framework, referred to as ‘legal-political ecology’, which augments political ecology with jurisprudence, legal pluralism, Critical Legal Studies and legal geography. It then sets out the methodology and methods, which are transdisciplinary, include a strong focus on knowledge co-production at the local and international levels, and are designed to generate transformative outcomes. The critical engagement with the four areas of work focuses on the papers’ legal-political framing, contribution to knowledge and impact. I argue that the research has contributed to scholarship on legal empowerment by advancing work on ‘research protocols’ to develop the more expansive concept of ‘community protocols’. It has contributed to the collective understanding of which conservation-related actors have obligations under international law, what those standards are, and exposed deficiencies in the forms of access to justice available to Indigenous Peoples. The research on OECMs and the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework has advanced practical means by which to recognise conservation outcomes occurring outside protected areas and promoted a novel reading of Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Decision 14/8. The impacts include ‘community protocols’ being used by Indigenous Peoples to affirm their responsibilities and assert their rights, as well as being defined by the CBD and referenced in the Nagoya Protocol. The research has also generated impact through the development of the international definition and criteria for OECMs, which has resulted in over 650 sites being identified as OECMs, covering c. 1.6 million square kilometres of marine and terrestrial areas.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Publication
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Global Development (formerly School of International Development)
Depositing User: Chris White
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2024 12:12
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2024 12:17


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item