Exploring the lived experience of early hypertension: Insights from traditional medicine perspectives

Aryankhesal, Aidin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6695-227X, Ghods, Roshanak and Shojaii, Asie (2024) Exploring the lived experience of early hypertension: Insights from traditional medicine perspectives. Journal of the Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, 23 (1). pp. 69-74. ISSN 1729-0341

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To elicit symptoms, risk factors, and habits existing before or right after blood pressure elevation in newly diagnosed patients with hypertension from the traditional Persian medicine perspective. METHODOLOGY: This was a concurrent nested mixed-method study conducted in 2018. We included newly diagnosed cases of hypertension (BP≥140/90 mmHg in two consecutive screenings) in the study. In contrast, those who had a history of hypertension or used anti-hypertension medication were excluded. The participants were surveyed and interviewed to identify their temperament and extract their recent experiences with hypertension. The sampling followed the criterion-based purposive technique, and the sample size was defined based on qualitative data saturation. The recorded interviews were transcribed and coded according to Persian medicine until no new code emerged. RESULTS: Twenty participants were interviewed, and two themes were extracted: (i) primary or predisposing factors, such as warm temperament, change of residence, improper eating habits, abrupt cessation of exercise, psychological factors, and irregular sleep patterns, and (ii) early symptoms that occur at the first sign of rising blood pressure, including digestive complaints and changes in body excretion, psychological manifestations, and unclassifiable general symptoms. CONCLUSION: Physicians are advised to pay attention to these items when taking a history from patients to prevent hypertension and treat it at its early stages.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: The main objective of this study was to identify predisposing factors and early warning symptoms for developing hypertension that are often ignored by conventional medicine. The next step in further research is to test the hypothesis and connection between early hypertension and these factors, requiring quantitative studies with large sample sizes. Future investigations should aim to support or disprove the concepts presented in this study. ACKNOWLEDGMENT We thank the Employees' Health Cohort Study of Iran (EHCSIR) group for collaborating in identifying new patients with early hypertension and inviting them to join our project. We are grateful for their help and support. We thank all the patients and staff from the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME) and Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) units who participated in the study. Ethical permission: Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran, ERC letter No. IR.IUMS.REC. 1397.164. Conflict of Interest: The authors have no conflict of interest to declare Financial Disclosure / Grant Approval: Financial support for this study was provided by the Iran University of Medical Sciences with grant number 97-02-116-33721 and is paid to the corresponding author. The funding source had no role in data collection and interpretation. Data Sharing Statement: The corresponding author can provide the data proving the findings of this study on request. Privacy or ethical restrictions bound us from sharing the data publically. AUTHOR CONTRIBUTION Aryankhesal A: Study design, contributed to the intervention and collection of data, drafted the manuscript and critically revised it Ghods R: Study design, contributed to the intervention and collection of data, drafted the manuscript and critically revised it Shojaii A: drafted the manuscript and critically revised it All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Publisher Copyright: © 2024, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: blood pressure,persian medicine,temperament, hypertension,traditional medicine,medicine(all) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 08 May 2024 10:30
Last Modified: 08 May 2024 10:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/95089
DOI: 10.22442/jlumhs.2024.01043

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