Expanding aquatic observations through recreation

Brewin, Robert J. W., Hyder, Kieran ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1428-5679, Andersson, Andreas J., Billson, Oliver, Bresnahan, Philip J., Brewin, Thomas G., Cyronak, Tyler, Dall'Olmo, Giorgio, Mora, Lee de, Graham, George, Jackson, Thomas and Raitsos, Dionysios E. (2017) Expanding aquatic observations through recreation. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4. ISSN 2296-7745

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Accurate observations of the Earth system are required to understand how our planet is changing and to help manage its resources. The aquatic environment-including lakes, rivers, wetlands, estuaries, coastal and open oceans-is a fundamental component of the Earth system controlling key physical, biological, and chemical processes that allow life to flourish. Yet, this environment is critically undersampled in both time and space. New and cost-effective sampling solutions are urgently needed. Here, we highlight the potential to improve aquatic sampling by tapping into recreation. We draw attention to the vast number of participants that engage in aquatic recreational activities and argue, based on current technological developments and recent research, that the time is right to employ recreational citizens to improve large-scale aquatic sampling efforts. We discuss the challenges that need to be addressed for this strategy to be successful (e.g., sensor integration, data quality, and citizen motivation), the steps needed to realize its potential, and additional societal benefits that arise when engaging citizens in scientific sampling.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: RB, GD, and DR acknowledge financial support from the UK National Centre for Earth Observation. AA, PB, and TC received financial support from the Smartfin/Lostbird foundation. KH contribution was supported by Defra contracts MF1230 (Citizen Science Investigations), and MI001 (Management of Recreational Marine Fisheries). The authors would like to thank NASA for MODIS-Aqua products used in Figure 1, and thank the websites http://magicseaweed.com/ and http://www.divesites.com/ that were used to extract locations on surfing and diving sites shown in Figure 1. We acknowledge and recognize all recreational citizens that have contributed to the citizen science projects mentioned in this paper. Publisher Copyright: © 2017 Brewin, Hyder, Andersson, Billson, Bresnahan, Brewin, Cyronak, Dall'Olmo, de Mora, Graham, Jackson and Raitsos.
Uncontrolled Keywords: aquatic,citizen science,observations,recreation,sampling,oceanography,global and planetary change,aquatic science,water science and technology,environmental science (miscellaneous),ocean engineering ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1910
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Collaborative Centre for Sustainable Use of the Seas
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2023 03:23
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2023 03:00
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/93811
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00351

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