The Intertidal Zone of the North-East Atlantic Region:Pattern and Process

Hawkins, Stephen J., Pack, Kathryn E., Firth, Louise B., Mieszkowska, Nova, Evans, Ally J., Martins, Gustavo M., Åberg, Per, Adams, Leoni C., Arenas, Francisco, Boaventura, Diana M., Bohn, Katrin, Borges, C. Debora G., Castro, João J., Coleman, Ross A., Crowe, Tasman P., Cruz, Teresa, Davies, Mark S., Epstein, Graham, Faria, João, Ferreira, João G., Frost, Natalie J., Griffin, John N., Hanley, M. E., Herbert, Roger J. H., Hyder, Kieran ORCID:, Johnson, Mark P., Lima, Fernando P., Masterson-Algar, Patricia, Moore, Pippa J., Moschella, Paula S., Notman, Gillian M., Pannacciulli, Federica G., Ribeiro, Pedro A., Santos, Antonio M., Silva, Ana C. F., Skov, Martin W., Sugden, Heather, Vale, Maria, Wangkulangkul, Kringpaka, Wort, Edward J. G., Thompson, Richard C., Hartnoll, Richard G., Burrows, Michael T. and Jenkins, Stuart R. (2019) The Intertidal Zone of the North-East Atlantic Region:Pattern and Process. In: Interactions in the Marine Benthos. Cambridge University Press, pp. 7-46. ISBN 9781108416085

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The rocky shores of the north-east Atlantic have been long studied. Our focus is from Gibraltar to Norway plus the Azores and Iceland. Phylogeographic processes shape biogeographic patterns of biodiversity. Long-term and broadscale studies have shown the responses of biota to past climate fluctuations and more recent anthropogenic climate change. Inter- and intra-specific species interactions along sharp local environmental gradients shape distributions and community structure and hence ecosystem functioning. Shifts in domination by fucoids in shelter to barnacles/mussels in exposure are mediated by grazing by patellid limpets. Further south fucoids become increasingly rare, with species disappearing or restricted to estuarine refuges, caused by greater desiccation and grazing pressure. Mesoscale processes influence bottom-up nutrient forcing and larval supply, hence affecting species abundance and distribution, and can be proximate factors setting range edges (e.g., the English Channel, the Iberian Peninsula). Impacts of invasive non-native species are reviewed. Knowledge gaps such as the work on rockpools and host-parasite dynamics are also outlined.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Publisher Copyright: © The Systematics Association 2019.
Uncontrolled Keywords: biogeography,distribution,ecosystem,intertidal,pattern and processes,range limits,rocky shore,agricultural and biological sciences(all),sdg 13 - climate action ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2023 01:32
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2023 01:37
DOI: 10.1017/9781108235792.003

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