Recommended terms and abbreviations for polychlorinated alkanes (PCAs) as the predominant component of chlorinated paraffins (CPs)

Fernandes, Alwyn R., Krätschmer, Kerstin, McGrath, Thomas J., Yuan, Bo, Brandsma, Sicco, Brits, Marthinus, Cariou, Ronan, Letcher, Robert J., Mueller, Jochen, Muir, Derek, Vetter, Walter, Wang, Thanh, Yu, Gang and Bergman, Åke (2023) Recommended terms and abbreviations for polychlorinated alkanes (PCAs) as the predominant component of chlorinated paraffins (CPs). TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 169. ISSN 0165-9936

[thumbnail of Fernandes_etal_2023_TrAC]
Preview
PDF (Fernandes_etal_2023_TrAC) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Despite several decades of study, ambiguities persist in terms used to express environmental and biotic occurrences of polychlorinated alkanes (PCAs), the main ingredient of chlorinated paraffins (CPs). This can lead to misinterpretation of data between analytical chemists, toxicologists, risk assessors/managers and regulators. The terms recommended here to harmonise reporting and reduce ambiguity use the conventional definition of PCAs - linear chlorinated alkanes (typically, C≥10) with one chlorine per carbon, although some evidence of multiple chlorination exists. Other recommendations include. ● reporting the “Sum of measured PCAs” because “Total PCAs” is currently unquantifiable. ● reporting individual chain lengths, e.g., ΣPCAs-C11, ΣPCAs-C13, allows easier comparability and allows toxicology and risk assessment to consider different PCA combinations. ● maintain studies on individual PCAs in order to better characterise chemical, environmental and health risk behaviour. The terms could be extended in future to assimilate new findings on individual PCAs, multiple chlorination and chirality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chain length congener group,chlorinated paraffins (cps),configurational isomer,homologue group,pca congeners,pca stereoisomer,polychlorinated alkanes (pcas),sum pcas,analytical chemistry,spectroscopy,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600/1602
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2023 02:20
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 03:35
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/93487
DOI: 10.1016/j.trac.2023.117363

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item