Extensive recombination of a yeast diploid hybrid through meiotic reversion

Laureau, Raphaëlle, Loeillet, Sophie, Salinas, Francisco, Bergström, Anders ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4096-9268, Legoix-Né, Patricia, Liti, Gianni and Nicolas, Alain (2016) Extensive recombination of a yeast diploid hybrid through meiotic reversion. PLoS Genetics, 12 (2). ISSN 1553-7390

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In somatic cells, recombination between the homologous chromosomes followed by equational segregation leads to loss of heterozygosity events (LOH), allowing the expression of recessive alleles and the production of novel allele combinations that are potentially beneficial upon Darwinian selection. However, inter-homolog recombination in somatic cells is rare, thus reducing potential genetic variation. Here, we explored the property of S. cerevisiae to enter the meiotic developmental program, induce meiotic Spo11-dependent double-strand breaks genome-wide and return to mitotic growth, a process known as Return To Growth (RTG). Whole genome sequencing of 36 RTG strains derived from the hybrid S288c/SK1 diploid strain demonstrates that the RTGs are bona fide diploids with mosaic recombined genome, derived from either parental origin. Individual RTG genome-wide genotypes are comprised of 5 to 87 homozygous regions due to the loss of heterozygous (LOH) events of various lengths, varying between a few nucleotides up to several hundred kilobases. Furthermore, we show that reiteration of the RTG process shows incremental increases of homozygosity. Phenotype/genotype analysis of the RTG strains for the auxotrophic and arsenate resistance traits validates the potential of this procedure of genome diversification to rapidly map complex traits loci (QTLs) in diploid strains without undergoing sexual reproduction.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2023 01:45
Last Modified: 09 May 2024 10:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/93441
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005781

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