Early urbanization in West Africa: An archaeological evidence from Birnin-Kudu settlement

Abdulmalik, Abdulmalik Abdulrahman ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1791-6010, Disa, Hassan Hussaini and Ibrahim, Naimatu (2021) Early urbanization in West Africa: An archaeological evidence from Birnin-Kudu settlement. African Scholar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 20 (6). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2110-2086

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Several collections of evidences from oral tradition, archaeological,historical, sociological researches have clearly indicated several early urban centers in West Africa and the differences in their characteristics based on region. This paper is aimed at bringing to limelight the place of Birnin-Kudu as part of early urban center in West-Africa and sourced it data from archaeological excavations and survey, collection of oral traditions and review of several literatures relating to the research focus.The archaeological and historical evidences from Birnin-Kudu settlement relating to early urban centers were addressed as well in this paper. It concludes that Birnin-Kudu is one of the early urban centers in West Africa based on the analysis of evidence and recommends further investigations and absolute dating of the settlement

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: birnin-kudu,archaeology,early urbanization,west africa,anthropology,history,culture,evidence,arts and humanities(all) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1200
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > School of Art, Media and American Studies
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Centres > Sainsbury Research Unit for the Arts of Africa, Oceania and the Americas
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2023 01:17
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2023 01:58
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/93243


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