Perspectives on the application of CONSORT guidelines to randomised controlled trials in nutrition

Rigutto-Farebrother, Jessica, Ahles, Sanne, Cade, Janet, Murphy, Karen J., Plat, Jogchum, Schwingshackl, Lukas, Roche, Helen M., Shyam, Sangeetha, Lachat, Carl, Minihane, Anne-Marie ORCID: and Weaver, Connie (2023) Perspectives on the application of CONSORT guidelines to randomised controlled trials in nutrition. European Journal of Nutrition, 62 (5). 2319–2332. ISSN 1436-6207

[thumbnail of Rigutto-Farebrother et al. EJON_2023_submitted] PDF (Rigutto-Farebrother et al. EJON_2023_submitted) - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 26 April 2024.

Request a copy


Purpose: Reporting guidelines facilitate quality and completeness in research reporting. The CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement is widely applied to dietary and nutrition trials but has no extension specific to nutrition. Evidence suggests poor reporting in nutrition research. The Federation of European Nutrition Societies led an initiative to make recommendations for a nutrition extension to the CONSORT statement towards a more robust reporting of the evidence base. Methods: An international working group was formed of nutrition researchers from 14 institutions in 12 different countries and on five continents. Using meetings over a period of one year, we interrogated the CONSORT statement specifically for its application to report nutrition trials. Results: We provide a total of 28 new nutrition-specific recommendations or emphasised recommendations for the reporting of the introduction (three), methods (twelve), results (five) and discussion (eight). We also added two additional recommendations that were not allocated under the standard CONSORT headings. Conclusion: We identify a need to provide guidance in addition to CONSORT to improve the quality and consistency of the reporting and propose key considerations for further development of formal guidelines for the reporting of nutrition trials. Readers are encouraged to engage in this process, provide comments and conduct specific studies to inform further work on the development of reporting guidelines for nutrition trials.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: consort,dietary interventions,expert opinion,guidelines,nutrition trials,reporting
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Norwich Institute for Healthy Aging
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Nutrition and Preventive Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2023 11:31
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2023 11:31
DOI: 10.1007/s00394-023-03137-5

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item