Replicating and extending Sengupta et al. (2023): Contact predicts no within-person longitudinal outgroup-bias change

Hodson, Gordon and Meleady, Rose ORCID: (2024) Replicating and extending Sengupta et al. (2023): Contact predicts no within-person longitudinal outgroup-bias change. American Psychologist, 79 (3). 451–462. ISSN 0003-066X

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Intergroup contact has long been touted as a premier means to reduce prejudice and forge positive bonds with outgroups. Given its origins in psychological research, it is perhaps of little surprise that contact is expected to induce change within people over time. Yet using random-intercepts crossed-lagged modeling that parses within-person from between-person effects, Sengupta et al. (2023) recently found no evidence of within-person change, only unexplained between-person effects, regarding contact’s effects on outgroup solidarity in New Zealand. We conceptually replicated their study, focusing on modern racism and an affect thermometer as the outcomes, in a three-wave study of White British participants (N T1 = 946, N T2 = 667, N T3 = 591) and their attitudes toward foreigners. We replicated the general pattern described by Sengupta and colleagues, confirming between-person effects without within-person effects, suggestive of third-variable explanations. As a novel finding, we discover that differences in social dominance orientation (SDO) and right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) can account for the observed between-person effects. Problematically for contact theory, contact effects, at least those relying on self-reported accounts, increasingly appear to reflect differences between people (person factors) rather than being context-driven (situation factors)—such that those lower (vs. higher) in SDO and RWA are more favorable toward outgroups, rather than intergroup contact bringing about positive outcomes itself. Implications for theory development and intervention are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This research was supported by a research fellowship to Rose Meleady from the Leverhulme Trust (RF-2019-263). There are no known conflicts of interest on the part of the authors.
Uncontrolled Keywords: contact,longitudinal,within-person change,prejudice,within-person change,contact,prejudice,longitudinal,psychology(all) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2023 08:50
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2024 09:30
DOI: 10.1037/amp0001210


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