Can clinician’s risk assessments distinguish those who disclose suicidal ideation from those who attempt suicide?

Barker, Joseph ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6496-2167, Oakes-Rogers, Sophie, Lince, Karen, Roberts, Ashley, Keddie, Ronan, Bruce, Harley, Selvarajah, Sharmalee, Fish, Daisy, Aspen, Caitlin and Leddy, Adrian ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7803-9437 (2024) Can clinician’s risk assessments distinguish those who disclose suicidal ideation from those who attempt suicide? Death Studies, 48 (2). pp. 129-139. ISSN 0748-1187

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Abstract

Participants were 85 individuals who made suicide attempts within two years of their Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) assessment, identified using record linkage. Two comparison groups, non-suicidal controls (n = 1416) and (ideators, n = 743) were compared on variables extracted from the standardized IAPT risk assessment interview. Disclosure of a historical suicide attempt or non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) distinguished those making an attempt from those with suicidal ideation only, but suicidal intent did not. A third of the participants concealed a historical suicide attempt. The IAPT Phobia Scale classified 49.30% of attempters with 100% specificity. The IAPT Phobia Scale may have clinical value in assessing risk but requires validation. Past suicide attempt and NSSI have better clinical risk assessment utility than current suicidal ideation intensity. Risk assessment relying on disclosure is likely to be flawed and risks support being withheld from those assumed to be at lower risk.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: iapt,ideation-action,risk assessment,suicide,suicide prevention,clinical psychology,developmental and educational psychology,arts and humanities (miscellaneous),sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3203
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2023 12:30
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2024 01:40
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/92308
DOI: 10.1080/07481187.2023.2192532

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