Third wave cognitive behavioural therapies for people with multiple sclerosis: a scoping review

Zarotti, Nicolò, Eccles, Fiona, Broyd, Annabel, Longinotti, Christine, Mobley, Amanda and Simpson, Jane (2023) Third wave cognitive behavioural therapies for people with multiple sclerosis: a scoping review. Disability and Rehabilitation, 45 (10). pp. 1720-1735. ISSN 0963-8288

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PurposeMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic condition linked to a wide range of psychological difficulties. While traditional cognitive behavioural therapy has been studied extensively with people with MS, much less is known about more recent “third wave” approaches.MethodsA scoping review was carried out by performing a systematic search across MEDLINE Complete, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Academic Search Ultimate, and Cochrane Library up to January 2022.ResultsFrom an initial return of 8306 citations, 35 studies were included, 20 of which were randomised controlled trials (RCTs). These showed that four third wave approaches have been investigated with people with MS to date: acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). MBSR and MBCT may be helpful to address a range of psychological difficulties up to three months post-intervention. However, MS-specific adaptations may be required, and more evidence is needed on longer-term effectiveness. Limited evidence is also available for DBT and ACT, but additional research is warranted before any recommendation can be made.ConclusionsAs third wave approaches keep being refined, further more rigorous investigations are needed to implement them to the benefit of people with MS.Implications for RehabilitationMultiple sclerosis is linked to a wide range of psychological difficulties in adults.Little is currently known on third wave psychotherapies for people with MS.Mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy may be helpful to address a wide range of difficulties in MS.Specific adaptations may be needed to deliver suitable therapies to people with MS.Additional research is warranted to build on preliminary findings for DBT and ACT.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: The present study was funded by the British Psychological Society as part of “Minds & Movement”, a project aimed at producing UK-based national guidance on psychological approaches to the understanding and treatment of psychological difficulties in adults with motor neurodegenerative conditions (
Uncontrolled Keywords: multiple sclerosis,third wave cognitive behavioural therapies,dialectical behaviour therapy,acceptance commitment therapy,mindfulness-based stress reduction,rehabilitation ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2742
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 23 May 2023 13:30
Last Modified: 30 May 2023 09:30
DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2022.2069292

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