A scoping review of disability assessment in prospective and cross-sectional studies that included device-based measurement of physical activity

Carr, Shelby ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7301-8832, Atkin, Andrew J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3819-3448, Jones, Andy P., Pulsford, Richard and Milton, Karen ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0506-2214 (2023) A scoping review of disability assessment in prospective and cross-sectional studies that included device-based measurement of physical activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 20 (8). 683–689. ISSN 1543-3080

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Abstract

Background: Evidence on the prevalence, determinants, and health outcomes of physical activity in disabled people is limited. It is possible that the limited availability of high-quality scientific evidence is due to the extent and nature of disability assessment in physical activity research. This scoping review explores how disability has been measured in epidemiological studies that included accelerometer-based measurement of physical activity. Methods: Data sources: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase, PsychINFO, Health Management Information Consortium, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and CINAHL. Eligibility criteria: Prospective and cross-sectional studies that included an accelerometer measurement of physical activity. Survey instruments used in these studies were obtained, and questions relating to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health domains of (1) health conditions, (2) body functions and structures, and (3) activities and participation, were extracted for analysis. Results: Eighty-four studies met the inclusion criteria, from which complete information on the 3 domains was obtained for 68. Seventy-five percent of studies (n = 51) captured whether a person had at least one health condition, 63% (n = 43) had questions related to body functions and structures, and 75% (n = 51) included questions related to activities and participation. Conclusion: While most studies asked something about one of the 3 domains, there was substantial diversity in the focus and style of questions. This diversity indicates a lack of consensus on how these concepts should be assessed, with implications for the comparability of evidence across studies and subsequent understanding of the relationships between disability, physical activity, and health.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: The authors would like to thank the Prospective Physical Activity, Sitting and Sleep Consortium (ProPASS) project for their assistance and for sharing their database searches for this scoping review. Funding: Carr was supported by funding from the University of East Anglia Faculty of Medicine and Health Studentship.
Uncontrolled Keywords: international classification of functioning, disability and health,accelerometry,epidemiology,disability and health,international classification of functioning,public health, environmental and occupational health,physical therapy, sports therapy and rehabilitation,epidemiology,orthopedics and sports medicine ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2739
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Norwich Institute for Healthy Aging
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Norwich Epidemiology Centre
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Norwich Epidemiology Centre
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Health Promotion
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Business and Local Government Data Research Centre (former - to 2023)
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Epidemiology and Public Health
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Public Health and Health Services Research (former - to 2023)
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Population Health
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Lifespan Health
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 18 May 2023 15:32
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 03:35
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/92100
DOI: 10.1123/jpah.2023-0017

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