Associations between the Trauma Memory Quality Questionnaire and posttraumatic stress symptoms in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Reed, Joanna, Taylor, Jasmine, Randall, Grace, Burgess, Aaron and Meiser-Stedman, Richard ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0262-623X (2023) Associations between the Trauma Memory Quality Questionnaire and posttraumatic stress symptoms in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 36 (1). pp. 31-43. ISSN 0894-9867

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Abstract

Cognitive models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) propose that trauma memory characteristics are implicated in the etiology of the disorder. Empirical support for cognitive models in youth is necessary to ensure psychological interventions are based on appropriate theory. This meta-analysis was conducted to quantitatively investigate the strength of the associations between self-reported trauma memory characteristics (e.g., sensory and temporal features), measured using the Trauma Memory Quality Questionnaire (TMQQ), and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in children and adolescents. PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PTSDPubs, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global were searched for relevant literature. In total, 11 studies (N = 1,270 participants) met the inclusion criteria for the random-effects meta-analysis. A large effect size was observed for the association between trauma memory characteristics and PTSS, r =.51, 95% CI [.44,.58], and was maintained in subgroup analyses of the prospective association between trauma memory characteristics and later PTSS (k = 5, n = 6 28), r =.51, 95% CI [.42,.59]. A slightly larger effect size was observed in subgroup analyses of the cross-sectional association between trauma memory characteristics and concurrent PTSS (k = 11, N = 1,270), r =.62, 95% CI [.53,.70]. Sensitivity analyses on study quality, TMQQ alteration, chronic trauma exposure, geographical location, and PTSS measure supported the robustness of these results. These findings provide empirical support for the role of trauma memory characteristics in PTSS, congruent with cognitive models, suggesting this theoretical framework is appropriate for youth populations. Limitations and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open Practices Statement: Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analyzed during the current study.
Uncontrolled Keywords: clinical psychology,psychiatry and mental health,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3203
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Mental Health
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Lifespan Health
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2023 14:52
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 03:28
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/91587
DOI: 10.1002/jts.22903

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