Gliders for passive acoustic monitoring of the oceanic environment

Cauchy, Pierre ORCID:, Heywood, Karen J. ORCID:, Merchant, Nathan D. ORCID:, Risch, Denise, Queste, Bastien Y. and Testor, Pierre (2023) Gliders for passive acoustic monitoring of the oceanic environment. Frontiers in Remote Sensing, 4. ISSN 2673-6187

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Ocean gliders are quiet, buoyancy-driven, long-endurance, profiling autonomous platforms. Gliders therefore possess unique advantages as platforms for Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) of the marine environment. In this paper, we review available glider platforms and passive acoustic monitoring systems, and explore current and potential uses of passive acoustic monitoring-equipped gliders for the study of physical oceanography, biology, ecology and for regulatory purposes. We evaluate limiting factors for passive acoustic monitoring glider surveys, such as platform-generated and flow noise, weight, size and energy constraints, profiling ability and slow movement. Based on data from 34 passive acoustic monitoring glider missions, it was found that <13% of the time spent at sea was unsuitable for passive acoustic monitoring measurements, either because of surface communications or glider manoeuvre, leaving the remainder available for subsequent analysis. To facilitate the broader use of passive acoustic monitoring gliders, we document best practices and include workarounds for the typical challenges of a passive acoustic monitoring glider mission. Three research priorities are also identified to improve future passive acoustic monitoring glider observations: 1) Technological developments to improve sensor integration and preserve glider endurance; 2) improved sampling methods and statistical analysis techniques to perform population density estimation from passive acoustic monitoring glider observations; and 3) calibration of the passive acoustic monitoring glider to record absolute noise levels, for anthropogenic noise monitoring. It is hoped this methodological review will assist glider users to broaden the observational capability of their instruments, and help researchers in related fields to deploy passive acoustic monitoring gliders in their studies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This research was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (Grant NE/N012070/1) and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, via the NEXUSS Centre of Doctoral Training in the Smart and Autonomous Observation of the Environment, and as part of the Cefas−UEA strategic alliance (Cefas Seedcorn SP002).
Uncontrolled Keywords: ambient noise,glider,good practices,ocean gliders,pam glider,passive acoustic monitoring (pam),soundscape,underwater noise,biophysics,physics and astronomy (miscellaneous),sdg 14 - life below water,sdg 13 - climate action,sdg 12 - responsible consumption and production ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1304
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Collaborative Centre for Sustainable Use of the Seas
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2023 12:30
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 18:16
DOI: 10.3389/frsen.2023.1106533


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