Dynamic noun generalization:Moment-to-moment interactions shape children's naming biases

Samuelson, Larissa K. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9141-3286 and Horst, Jessica S. (2007) Dynamic noun generalization:Moment-to-moment interactions shape children's naming biases. Infancy, 11 (1). pp. 97-110. ISSN 1525-0008

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Recent research on early word learning suggests that children's behavior when-generalizing novel nouns integrates their prior vocabulary knowledge with the specifics of the task. This study examines how these factors interact on the moment-to-moment time scale of the training children receive and the sequence of stimuli they are shown. In 1 condition, we used a combination of training and stimulus factors predicted to produce a bias to generalize nouns by shape similarity. We then reduced this shape bias and amplified a bias to generalize nouns by material similarity via manipulations of training and stimuli across 3 other conditions, Additional analyses suggest that children's generalizations on individual trials are influenced by what they have seen and done on previous trials. These results highlight the importance of the task and stimuli in bringing children's prior knowledge to bear in early word learning.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pediatrics, perinatology, and child health,developmental and educational psychology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2735
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2023 09:30
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2023 09:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/90787
DOI: 10.1207/s15327078in1101_5

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