Novel System for Real-Time Integration of 3-D Echocardiography and Fluoroscopy for Image-Guided Cardiac Interventions: Preclinical Validation and Clinical Feasibility Evaluation

Arujuna, Aruna V., Housden, R. James, Ma, YingLiang ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5770-5843, Rajani, Ronak, Gao, Gang, Nijhof, Niels, Cathier, Pascal, Bullens, Roland, Gijsbers, Geert, Parish, Victoria, Kapetanakis, Stamatis, Hancock, Jane, Rinaldi, C. Aldo, Cooklin, Michael, Gill, Jaswinder, Thomas, Martyn, O'Neill, Mark D., Razavi, Reza and Rhode, Kawal S. (2014) Novel System for Real-Time Integration of 3-D Echocardiography and Fluoroscopy for Image-Guided Cardiac Interventions: Preclinical Validation and Clinical Feasibility Evaluation. IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine, 2. ISSN 2168-2372

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Abstract

Real-time imaging is required to guide minimally invasive catheter-based cardiac interventions. While transesophageal echocardiography allows for high-quality visualization of cardiac anatomy, X-ray fluoroscopy provides excellent visualization of devices. We have developed a novel image fusion system that allows real-time integration of 3-D echocardiography and the X-ray fluoroscopy. The system was validated in the following two stages: 1) preclinical to determine function and validate accuracy; and 2) in the clinical setting to assess clinical workflow feasibility and determine overall system accuracy. In the preclinical phase, the system was assessed using both phantom and porcine experimental studies. Median 2-D projection errors of 4.5 and 3.3 mm were found for the phantom and porcine studies, respectively. The clinical phase focused on extending the use of the system to interventions in patients undergoing either atrial fibrillation catheter ablation (CA) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Eleven patients were studied with nine in the CA group and two in the TAVI group. Successful real-time view synchronization was achieved in all cases with a calculated median distance error of 2.2 mm in the CA group and 3.4 mm in the TAVI group. A standard clinical workflow was established using the image fusion system. These pilot data confirm the technical feasibility of accurate real-time echo-fluoroscopic image overlay in clinical practice, which may be a useful adjunct for real-time guidance during interventional cardiac procedures.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Computing Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2023 17:33
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2023 01:41
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/90391
DOI: 10.1109/JTEHM.2014.2303799

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